9 pages biofuels.doc - Running Head Biofuels Biofuels Name...

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Running Head: Biofuels Biofuels Name Institutional Affiliation Date
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Biofuels Table of Contents Current Biofuels Situation in America and Globally ........................................................... 3 Opportunities and Challenges of a Biofuel Industry ........................................................... 4 The Demand for Farm and Food Products by Biofuels ....................................................... 5 Socio-Political and Economic Factors of Biofuels .............................................................. 6 Technological Impact of Biofuels ........................................................................................ 7 Legal and Regulatory Factors in the Development of Biofuels .......................................... 8 The Ethical Debate Surrounding Biofuels ........................................................................... 9 Food Security in a Growing World Population .................................................................. 10 The Future of Biofuels in Canada ...................................................................................... 11 Current Biofuels Situation in America and Globally Biofuels have been touted as presenting a solution to the dependence of the world on fossil fuels. Hence, production of biofuels has been supported by governments and
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Biofuels other actors in the energy sector. However, in recent years, debate on biofuels production has becomes much more focused on issues such as food security and environmental safety. In the United States, biofuels is produced mainly from corn and soybeans. Out of the two, corn is an energy intensive plant, and is widely used in the production of biofuels. Corn presents a host of challenges to the environment. It has been associated with massive top soil erosion, pollution of surface and ground water due to the use of huge quantities of synthetic fertilizers, and the runoff into rivers which is endangering organic life many kilometers from the farms (Olmstead, 2006). Moreover, there are fears that production of corn in dry areas consume huge quantities of needed for irrigation, thus raising sustainability issues (Knothe, Krahl, & Gerpen, 2015). As a result of challenges posed by corn production, there has been recent action calling for introduction of cellulose ethanol. Unlike corn, it is derived from perennial grasses that require lower quantities of fertilizers and pesticides, and there is no need of ploughing fields annually, a practice that causes soil erosion (Knothe, Krahl, & Gerpen, 2015). Biofuels is also produced on a mass scale in other parts of the globe such as the European Union, Brazil, Colombia, and Malaysia. In Southeast Asia and South America, the African oil palm, which is the main crop used in the production of biofuel has gained a new importance as a cash crop, and with it, new environmental challenges. Knothe, Krahl, & Gerpen (2015) notes that rainforests and other protected lands are being cleared to create land for oil palm. In Indonesia for instance, Olmstead (2006) estimates that up to 140 species of land animals are now endangered because of the destruction of their
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Biofuels habitats. In Malaysia, animals such as the Sumatran tiger and Bornean orangutan are now on the brink of extinction (Olmstead, 2006). Opportunities and Challenges of a Biofuel Industry The biofuels industry presents a lot of opportunities for various stakeholders engaged in it. First, awareness about the importance of greenhouse gases has improved over the past decades, and more resources are being directed into this industry by government and non-governmental organizations. To that end, a manufacturers can have
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