15 pages GST.docx - Basic Outline 1 for Theories Paper I...

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Basic Outline 1 for Theories Paper I. Introduction paragraph a. Mention the theory that will be described b. Purpose of the paper and general layout 1 The delinquent and criminality theory to be studied in this paper is the General Strain Theory (GST), which was developed by Robert Agnew. Even though there were other people who did related works, it is Agnew who is credited by widening the application of the theory to fit into other social situations, and not just the financial position. The purpose of this paper is to delve deeper into the theory with a view to looking at its applicability. Hence, aside from describing the theory, effort will be made to look at how it has been applied by other studies, and therefore and the validity of such studies. Moreover, the theory shall be critiqued with the aim of gaining a deeper understanding of the extent to which this theory can be applied. This will be done by looking at the strengths and weaknesses of the theory, and how this sits within the gaps in other studies. II. Description of the theory a. What is the assumption? b. What are the assertions and key concepts? c. Describe how the theoretical process works to cause crime/criminality 4
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The General Strain Theory is a part of various theories developed by sociologist to explain how social forces can lead to both delinquent as well as criminal acts. Such theories contend that troubles that individual face, such as relationship problems, financial challenges, loss of a loved one or even loss of a job can push one under increased risk of engaging in deliqunt behavior and even criminality (). This is due to the fact that the indvdiuasl may not e babel to dela wityh the pressure that problem or challenges are what is called ‘strains.’ The GST is based on an assumption that strain occurs when the society emphasizes on given goals that are desirable, but at the same time, the individual have inadequate opportunity to achieve those goal within the purview of legitimate institutional means (). For instance, material gains is emphasized by the society, yet for a young mans, there is no opportunity to get employed and earn enough to afford such goal. The frustration and shame that results, is what drives such a person into committing crime, so that he fits into the definition of success imposed by the society. Agnew (1992) also supported the fact that it was strain that led individuals to delinquent behavior and criminality. Howveer, he sought to expound on this theory in quite significant ways. As a result, the GST is unique form other social learning theories of social structures theories in the sense that Agnew () ventures into two new areas that are unique. First, Agnew
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