The Potential of Stem Cells

The Potential of Stem Cells - Frain 1 Jack Frain Wanninger...

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Frain 1 Jack Frain Wanninger Biology Honors 1 November 2016 The Potential of the Stem Cell Stems cells are cells with the potential to develop into many different types of cells during their growth period. They may also serve to repair internal problems, endlessly multiplying to replenish other cells. They are so valuable because when a stem cell divides, each new cell can become another stem cell or become a more specialized cell. Stems cells are classified into two types: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. Because of the incredible potential that is in the research of stem cells, I believe you should be allowed to study both embryonic stem cells and adult somatic stem cells. Embryonic stem cells are taken during ’in vitro fertilization’ (IVF) during its developmental stages, and therefore still holds the potential to develop into many different types of cells. This is best clinically used in transplantation or tissue engineering situations. They are useful because one stem cell can be used in a variety of ways and may be developed into many different types of cells (National Institute of Health). Adult stem cells, also called somatic stem cells, are undifferentiated cells that are used to repair the body internally by multiplying to replenish dead cells and repair damaged tissues. Because they are found in a multitude of different tissues, scientists believe that these stem cells could be used in transplants to help regenerate the body,
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Frain 2 specifically tissue. One example of this is the bone marrow transplant, which moves adult hematopoietic stem cells (Jonathan Slack).
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