1-1_国际收支基本概念.doc

1-1_国际收支基本概念.doc - 1(The balance of...

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国际收支:主要概念部分 1. 概念:国际收支 (The balance of payments of a country is a systematic record of all economic transactions which have taken place during a given period of time between the residents of the reporting country and residents of foreign countries.) 表示的是一段时间(一般是一年)内的流量,不是存量。 2. 国际收支平衡表(见参考书 23 页) 贷方( + 借方( - 经常账户 current account 1. 商品( goods 2. 服务( services 3. 收入( income ): a) 雇员报酬 (compensation of employees) b) 投资收益 (investment income) ( 利息,股息 ) 4. 经常转移 current transfers 经常账户收 经常账户支 资本账户与金融账户 1. 资本账户 (capital account) ( 购买专利、商标等 ) 2. 金融账户 (financial account) (1) 直接投资( direct investment (2) 证券投资 (portfolio investment) (3) 其他投资 (4) 储备资产 (Reserves) (有时单列,也称为
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