問答.docx - 1 2 6(1 2(2 2 2 2 2 3 1.5.

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師說 1. 試摘錄一個句子,概括擇師的原則,並寫出它與文章主旨的關係。( 2 分, 6 分) (1) 句子: 是故無貴、無賤、無長、無少,道之所存,師之所存也。( 2 分) (2) 與主旨的關係: 本文的主旨是藉寫文章贈給弟子李蟠,批評中唐時期士大夫恥於從師求學的歪 風,宣揚從師的必要。( 2 分)文中指出當時的士大夫不願從師求學的原因,包括認為對方 不能比自己年輕,地位比自己低的感到羞恥,地位比自己高的則有阿諛奉承之嫌。( 2 分) 這句反駁了這些錯誤的觀點,指出擇師的惟一原則是對方是否領會「道」,突出從師的必要 2 分) 2. 韓愈《師說》「聖人無常師」一句,在文章 內容和結構上 甚麼作用?( 3 分) 內容作用:指出聖人只要遇到有「道」之人,就會以他為老師,因此不會有固定的 老師。 1.5 分) 結構作用:呼應上文「道之所存,師之所存」, 強調 擇師的標準應是該老師是否掌握「道」 1.5 分) 3. 以下引文運用了甚麼論證方法?試指出其中一種。( 1
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