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<廉頗藺相如列傳>參考筆記 . 問題討論: . 文章開頭說:「趙惠文王時,得楚和氏璧。秦昭王聞之,使人遺趙王書,願 以十五城請易璧。」 藺相如是通過繆賢的說話介紹出場的,這種安排在表達效果上有甚麼好處? - 通過第三者的介紹使藺相如未出場即收先聲奪人的效果,吸引讀者的注意力。 - 藉著繆賢的介紹突出了藺相如的才智,並交代了藺相如能出使秦國的原因,更為他在 「完鬆歸趙」和「澠池之會」中的出色表現作出鋪墊。 . 試就藺相如「完璧歸趙」一事,回答:( 2 )藺相如在約定的日期不能交出和氏璧, 為什麼秦王還厚待他,並放他返回趙國? 答:因為秦王明白到即使殺了相如,也不能得到璧玉,反而會斷送秦趙兩國的 友好關係,所以他便厚待相如,放他返回趙國,以顯示大國的風度。 . 試就「澠池之會」一事,回答下列問題:( 1 )秦王約趙王在澠池會面,為甚 麼廉頗和藺相如都認為趙王非去不可? 因為如趙王不去赴會,便顯示出趙國的軟弱和怯懦,這會影響到趙國的聲譽。 2 )在澠池之會中,藺相如怎樣憑著自己的膽色和機智,保持了趙國的體面? 澠池之會上,藺相如兩度隨機應變,保持了趙國的體面: a) 第一次是秦王要求趙王鼓瑟,並命史官把此事記在史冊上;藺相如也不甘示弱,以 死脅迫秦王擊 缶 ,也令史官記下此事,使趙國在外交上與秦國保持均勢。 b) 第二次是秦國群臣請趙王以十五城作為給秦王的獻禮,藺相如也毫不退讓地反請秦 國以首都咸陽城作為給趙王的獻禮。
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. 廉頗曰:「我為趙將。。。不忍為之下!」宣言曰:「我見相如,必辱之。」( 1 )試指 出廉頗說這番話的背景和心情。 a) 背景:澠池之會後,藺相如因功拜為上卿,地位在廉頗之上,廉頗不服,於是說了 上面的一番話。 b) 廉頗的心情:廉頗不甘心屈居在相如之下,心裏充 滿怨恨 怒憤 2 )廉頗認為藺相如 口舌 之功, 你同 的說 法嗎 ?為甚麼? 答:我不 意廉頗的說 。藺相如之所以能 完璧歸趙的 任務 和在澠池之會上保 了趙國的體面,並不是 單靠 他的
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