Exam2-stuff.docx - Berry(eaten whole at least one pericarp...

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I’m in chapter 4 worksheet You should know about Berry (eaten whole, at least one pericarp is fleshy ) Single flower, Single Ovary, Superior/Inferior Tomato,   Solanum lycopersicum Solanaceae ORIGIN : Peru, S. America OTHER NAMES : “ Apple of Peru ” by the Spanish who introduced it to Europe - Love Apple ” by the French, thought to be an aphrodisiac - Wolf Peach ” by the Germans, thought it was poisonous CONSIDERED : vegetable BOTANICALLY : berry OVARY : superior EDIBLE PART : All of it CHEMICALS : lycopene, not damaged when cooked NUTRITION : vit. C U.S. Supreme court decided it to be vegetable in 1893 after 10 years o John Nix wanted to evade vegetable tax and called it a fruit Grown on the ISS One of the first to be genetically altered, “Flavr Savr” allows longer shipping time Thought to be poisonous until 1820’s when Col. Johnson ate a basket of them in public Capsicum Pepper,   Capsicum annuum Solanaceae ORIGIN : Americas/New World CONSIDERED : vegetable BOTANICALLY : berry EDIBLE PART : All of it NUTRITION : vit. C, fiber, moderate protein All kinds of peppers, probably first domesticated as hot peppers in Mexico Eggplant,   Solanum melongena Solanaceae ORIGIN : India, S. China OTHER NAMES : “ Aubergine ” in Europe, “ Brinjal ” in India, Africa CONSIDERED : vegetable BOTANICALLY : berry EDIBLE PART : All of it NUTRITION : fiber, folic acid, K, Mg, Mn Initially it was white, small, egg-shaped Tomatillo,   Physalis ixocarpa Solanaceae ORIGIN : Central Mexico CONSIDERED : vegetable BOTANICALLY : berry EDIBLE PART : All of it Commonly used in sauces and stews, integral part of Mexican/Guatemalan cuisine Blueberry + Cranberry,   Vaccinium spp. Ericaceae ORIGIN : N. America OTHER NAMES : “ superfruits CONSIDERED : fruit BOTANICALLY : berries OVARY : inferior EDIBLE PART : All of it NUTRITION [ BLUEBERRY ] : antioxidant powerhouse, lots of vit. C, phytonutrients NUTRITION [ CRANBERRY ] : antioxidant powerhouse, lots of vit. C, Cu, Fe, fiber Cranberry grows in river banks, important in Thanksgiving tradition “a better brain” with blueberries Grapes,   Vitis vinifera ORIGIN : Mediterranean region CONSIDERED : fruit BOTANICALLY : berry EDIBLE PART : All of it NUTRITION : rich in simple sugars, antioxidants, K, vit. C, moderate folic acid, Ca, fiber one of the oldest cultivated fruit, 4000 BCE raisins – dried grapes with SO 2 as preservative, mostly produced in CA 175 table grape varieties, chosen based on texture, flavor Kiwi,   Actinidia deliciosa ORIGIN : China OTHER NAMES : “ Chinese gooseberry ” in New Zealand before the naming contest - “fruits of the eighties” in U.S. due to its introduction in the 1980s CONSIDERED : fruit BOTANICALLY : berry EDIBLE PART : All of it (not all eat the peel) CHEMICALS : Actinidin, a protein degrading enzyme (meat tenderizer) NUTRITION : fiber, folic acid, K, Mg, Mn not entirely recognized as berry since many don’t find the peel palatable Star fruit,   Averrhoa carambola ORIGIN : Indonesia CONSIDERED : fruit BOTANICALLY : berry EDIBLE PART : All of it CHEMICALS
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