Lecture 7 toddler 2018 student.pptx

Lecture 7 toddler 2018 student.pptx - Nutrition During...

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Nutrition During Childhood: Toddlers & Preschoolers Lecture 7
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2 Assigned Reading Brown, J.E. 2014. “Toddler and Preschooler Nutrition” Chaps. 10 & 11 in: Nutrition Through the Life Cycle .
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Outlin e Important Definitions Growth & Development Energy and Nutrient Needs Physical Growth – measuring and tracking Toddler and Preschooler Obesity Autism
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So what Age Groups are we Talking About? Toddler = 1-3 years Preschooler = 3-5 years
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Social Development (18-36 months) Normal Development Copies others Plays close to and sometimes with others Points to show things Notices emotions of others Excited by familiar people Not great at sharing Begins to make friends/favor people Abnormal Development Will not point No eye contact with others Does not play pretend Doesn’t copy others actions or reactions No interest in playing with others https ://w ww .s l ideshare.net/jollytolley/toddler-development-powerpoint
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Emotional Development Normal Development Temper tantrums or defiant behavior Fear of strangers Shows affection towards others Shows concern toward others Understands idea of ‘mine’ and ‘no’ Begins to show signs of guilt or remorse Abnormal Development Shows little or no emotion Does not realize strangers are around Fails to make eye contact with caregiver Lacks emotion when toy taken by another child Does not show affection or concern towards others
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Physical Development Normal Development Walk and run Change speed and direction Throw & kick ball Dances to music Begins to climb stairs Able to balance Help dress/undress self Able to use eating utensils Abnormal Development Not able to walk steadily Not able to throw or kick ball Cannot copy straight line or circle Not able to climb on furniture Unbalanced and falls frequently
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Cognition Development Normal Development Uses common items appropriately Line up/stack blocks Hand-eye coordination Use pointer/thumb to grasp Begins to count/identify shapes Basic problem- Abnormal Development Not able to use or name common items Slow at gaining new words Lack hand-eye coordination Loses skills they once had Unable to follow simple instructions Does not gain knowledge-body parts, shapes, numbers etc. Speech unclear and unable to put together simple sentences
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Toddlers & Preschoolers Establishing life-long eating patterns Learn food preferences Develop feeding skills Develop eating habits Innate ability to self regulate – parents provide healthy foods, & child decides if he/she will eat it & how much Vital – getting adequate energy & nutrients to support growth and development!
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Division of Eating Parents are responsible for WHAT, WHEN and WHERE Child is responsible for HOW MUCH and WHETHER
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