Koji Yuan Western Civilization Study Guide #12.docx

Koji Yuan Western Civilization Study Guide #12.docx - Koji...

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Koji Yuan 3/3/18 Western Civilization Study Guide #12 I. ISLAM (continued) 1. What was the original difference between Sunni and Shia (Shi’ite) factions ? Why did fierce hostility between these two factions quickly develop ? And why has this hatred continued into our own time ? Partial answer: each faction assassinates the other’s leaders; each generation finds NEW reasons to renew OLD hatreds 2. The Dome of the Rock is located in the city of Jerusalem. This commemorates the time when Muhammad goes to Jerusalem and Gabriel gives him a horse to visit Heaven. The horse leaves an imprint on a rock, which became the Dome of the Rock. It is built on the foundation of the Temple mount of Jerusalem. It’s architecture and designs are based on those from the Byzantine Empire. 3. The Pillars of Hercules were renamed to Jahal-al-Tarik . It was named after Gibraltar. 4. What principle is embodied in conversion by the sword (conversion by conquest) ? Answer: the religion of the king is the religion of the people 5. The Reconquista was the war that lasted 700 years, which drove the Muslims out of Spain. This was the Reconquest of Spain. Moors were Muslims from North Africa.
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6. The city of Damascus was centered in the Umayyad Dynasty. This city is in Syria today. The Umayyads was destroyed by the Abbasid family. The Umayyad dynasty continued to rule for another 300 years in the west in Spain until the 11th century.. 7. The Abbasid dynasty was centered in the city of Bagdad. This city is in the Country of Italy today. 8. Islamic Secularism is where people are Islamic but allowed to have worldly things such as wealth, riches, alcohol, ect. Islamic Fundamentalism is the basic form of the Religion without any freedom beyond the teachings. Jewish and Christian communities prefered Fundamentalism because it was an easier way to get people to convert to the religion. 9. A. The Caliphate was at its greatest height during the late 700s and early 800s. B. At it’s height, it extended from the region of Damascus to Bagdad.
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