Pols 301, lecture for Exam#4.docx

Pols 301, lecture for Exam#4.docx - CALIFORNIA STATE AND...

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CALIFORNIA STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT Federalism – Advantages “Auxiliary precautions” Against Tyranny Dispersing Power Increasing Participation Improving Efficiency Ensuring Policy Responsiveness Encouraging Policy Innovation Managing Conflict Federalism – Criticisms Protecting Slavery & Segregation Obstructing National Policies (NIMBYs) Allowing Inequalities Constitutional Responsibilities of States - Art. IV, Sect. One – “Full faith and credit shall be given in each state to the public acts, records and judicial proceedings of every other state, and the Congress may by general laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved.” - Art. IV, Sect. Two – “The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states.” [EX: right to acquire and possess property; right to travel; right to Habeas Corpus; right to sue] California’s Problems Jobs – Unemployment Rate (Jan. 2017) – 5.1% Income – Median Household Income in CA - $64,500 Population – 38.8 Million Prisons – 113,000 inmates incarcerated Transportation – 13 million registered vehicles in CA Housing – Median price (2017) - $473,900 California: By The Numbers Average Public School Teacher’s Starting Salary in California – $39,972 1
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Annual Cost of Housing an Inmate in California’s Prisons – $58,816 Annual Amount of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) – 37 million metric tons (roughly equivalent to 1 ton of MSW per CA resident every year) Legislature Considered Too Anti-Business Third Highest State Tax Rate (behind Hawaii and Oregon) Tenth Highest Corporate Tax Rate in U.S. Highest Worker’s Compensation Rates in U.S. Forty-Second in Per Capita Spending on Highways High School Graduation Rate – 81% California History (Abbreviated) Spain (1542): Father Sierra & de Portola, missions Mexico (1822): revolution, Monterey capitol, land grants Explorers (1841): Manifest Destiny, Monroe Doctrine Native Americans: tribes destroyed by war, slavery, disease Missions – Spanish style adobe buildings with high arches, long corridors, and red tiled roofs that surrounded a courtyard. (1St Mission est. in 1769, San Diego area) Presidios – frontier forts. Most were located at strategic locations, usually at the entrance to a pueblo or port. Pueblos – clusters of adobe houses, usually including a church, which formed a town or small city. Among the first settlements were San Jose in 1777 and Los Angeles, “the City of the Angels,” in 1781. Ranchos - large parcels of land given to families of prominence to establish large, un-fenced grazing areas for grazing cattle. Between 1830 and 1845, the number of private ranchos on land grants increased from 50 to 1,045.
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