Textbook Outline.pdf - Midterm 2 Textbook Outline Pgs 6-14...

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Midterm 2 Textbook Outline Pgs. 6-14 I. Well-Being and Intimacy A. People operate from a base of intimacy B. Carolyn Cutrona—”drive to establish connection and intimacy with another person is powerful” and universal C. Waite, Luo, Lewin—”those who divorce are likely to experience a decline in their emotional and physical well-being” D. In childhood, being close to mother and teachers and having friends is associated with higher levels of self-esteem and greater emotional strength in adulthood 1. College students who are in committed relationships have fewer mental health problems and are less likely to be overweight II. Myths About Family Life A. Factors affecting what we know about family life: 1. Experiences 2. Mass media B. Myth: a belief about something that is accepted uncritically C. Myths about marriage and family: 1. We’ve lost the extended family a) Extended family: a group of three or more generations formed as an outgrowth of the parent-child relationship (grandparents, parents and children) b) Nuclear family has been the most common arrangement since the 1700s c) Reasons extended family wasn’t common: (1) Life expectancy was lower (2) Diseases killed people before they were old enough to be grandparents (3) Children left home when they married 2. Opposites attract a) You are very unlikely to be attracted to someone who is your opposite b) Should be alike in social background, lifestyle, values, etc. c) The more alike you are, the better your chances of having a lasting relationship d) Differences that seemed attractive at the beginning become irritations and frustrations in the marriage 3. People Marry Because They Love Each Other a) Lederer, Jackson—”the emotion we interpret as love is actually another emotion—strong sex drive, fear, or hunger for approval” (1) We lose all judgment during courtship
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(2) Driven by ecstatic paralysis to mate with someone and reproduce ourselves (3) We get married because people expect us to marry, we’re lonely, or want economic security 4. Having Children Increases Marital Satisfaction a) Studies show that marital satisfaction decreases for one or both spouses during child-rearing years (1) Demands of raising a child means one parent may not have the time or energy to cultivate their own relationship: children add financial strain 5. A Good Sex Life Is The Best Predictor of Marital Satisfaction a) The way you communicate is better than sex 6. Happily Married People Don’t Have Conflict a) Conflict is normal and when it is handled properly it strengthens the marriage 7. Half of All Marriages End in Divorce a) Failure rate is actually difficult to calculate b) Rates differ among religious groups (1) Catholics less likely than protestants to divorce 8. The Dangers of Myths: a) People believe they are madly in love but the feeling of love is fleeting b) They blind us to the realities of intimacy c) Give us false expectations about marriage and family life d) Can ruin a good relationship III. Changing Patterns of Intimate Relationships A. Premarital Sex 1.
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