SOC1 final review - SOC 001 FINAL EXAM REVIEW SHEET[Section...

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SOC 001 FINAL EXAM REVIEW SHEET [Section 8] Social Class How are the stratification systems of slavery and caste different from the U.S. system of social class? - slavery and the caste hierarchy are systems that stratify people; neither has “social mobility” o Caste hierarchy- no social mobility- social category born into the rest of your life. o Slavery- you are property, not even considered a person. - Class systems have some social mobility- based on wealth and occupation What is social class, and how can social class influence a person’s life chances and opportunities? - Social Class - group of people sharing a similar economic position and opportunities. - Social class-determine where you start in life- at bottom more obstacles- work harder - Born wealthy easier to be wealthy- born into money- more life chances - Opportunities to go to college can be easier for others- more cultural capital What are the five main social class categories? - Upper class - 5% of population------- Super rich (bill gates) - Middle Class - 2 groups. ----- Upper middle class - 20% of pop-- Lower middle class - - Working Class- 20% of pop. - “Blue-Collar jobs” (uniform), factory worker o whit or blue-collar jobs-different- occupational prestige assign to these jobs. - Lower Class - 15% of pop - Under Class - %unknown What are class cues, and what are some examples ?***ESSAY QUESTION - Class Cues : observable social behaviors that allow us to “see” a person’s class status. o Ex- clothing brands show social class---- What you order in bar, white zinfandel shows low class low brow culture—People give off cues - Other “cues” can include age, gender, sexual orientation o Ex age ques- bar- bartenders spot age ques by how what they order Explain how class cues create an “us” and “them” dynamic. ** ESSAY - Class ques reinforce divisions between classes- Creates an “us” and “them” dynamic; establishes boundary lines - Calls attention to the haves and have nots---used to justify lower class people - link to course reading- children taught to make eye contact to show respect- Lareau--- exemplifies that parents from different social classes teach their children different things- middle class teaches kids to accel, lower class teaches kids basic survival. According to sociologists, what is “power?” - Power - the ability of individuals (or groups) to achieve their goals and desires, and to influence others. - 3 institutions to measure power and why:
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o Politics- LAWS o Business- MONEY o Military- BRUTE FORCE In Marx’s theory, who are the “bourgeoisie” and who are the “proletariat?” - Workers (proletariat)- Works in factories, produce and manufactured goods, labor wages - Owners (Bourgeoisie)- Run factories and get all the profits. - Main problem Marx saw over and over again- the workers didn’t have any ownership in what they were producing.
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