ISS 315 Europe Spring 2018.doc.docx

ISS 315 Europe Spring 2018.doc.docx - Europe 1...

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Europe 1. Characteristics a. Diversity, _Language__, ___Culture___, ___Ethnicity____ b. _2/3__ the size of US c. ___central__ to land hemisphere d. ___Sea_____ access e. _Manufacturing___ f. __Declining__ populations g. _Supernationalism___ h. ___540__ million people 2. Landform and Landscape Regions a. __North European Lowland_ i. __Densest_ population ii. ____Best_______ agriculture iii. _____Large_____ cities iv. Major ___industrial___ regions v. Route of __human_migration vi. ___Low___ lying terrain vii. ___Navigable____ rivers viii. __Rhine___ River represents the dividing line between glaciated and unglaciated Europe ix. Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, and Poland less fertile soils due to ___glaciation___ x. ___Belgium___ and _France___, no glaciation, better soils xi. ___Reclaiming___the Dutch ___Coastline____ 1. Polders – protected and reclaimed landscapes; dikes, windmills, pumps prevent b. ___Alpine___ mountains i. Alps, Pyrenees, Apennines, Dinaric Alps, ____Carpathians___ and Balkans ii. Alps stretch from France to Austria and forms the boundary between Mediterranean Europe and Northern Europe - Not a _____significant barrier iii. __Prrenees_ form the political boundary between __Spain__ and ___France__ – home of the Basque people iv. ___Apennines___ form spine of Italy. Location of Mt. Vesuvius and Mt. Etna. v. ____Carpathians__ are eastern end of the Alpine system. c. ____Central_Uplands i. Between European __Lowland___and __Alps_____ ii. Resource laden-__coal_, iron ore d. ___Western___ Highlands i. _____Rugged__ north and west ii. __Portugal__, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, and part of Finland iii. Less ____dense__ population 3. Seas, Rivers and Ports a. Europe’s ring of Seas i. ___Baltic____ Sea ii. ___North_____ Sea iii. ____Atalantic__ Ocean iv. ____Mediterranean__ Sea v. ___Black____Sea b. Rivers flowing into the Atlantic i. Loire, Seine, ____Thames__, Rhine, Elbe, and _Vistula__ ii. All rivers are connected with __canals__ which support inland _barge__ traffic 1
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c. Major Ports i. Bordeaux, LaHarve, London, __Rotterdam_ (worlds largest port), ___Hamburg, Szeczin and Gdansk 4. Europe’s Climate a. Largely C climates (__Humid_ __temperate___) i. __Maritime__ climate moderated by Atlantic Ocean ii. _Mediterranean_ climate characterized by dry summer and wet winter b. B climates in the south (_Iberian__Peninsula-Subtropical _Steppe_) c. D climates in the north and east (___continental_ climate) i. __Rhine__ river is approximate boundary between C and D climates 5. Environmental Issues a. Agriculture, resource-extraction, industrial manufacturing, and urbanization have created air and __water_pollution and ___acid__ rain b. Western Europe is the most “__green__” of developed areas in the world. c. Eastern Europe has __significant___environmental issues as a result of neglect during __Soviet___ dominance (1945-1990) i. ___90___% of Poland’s Rivers had no aquatic life ii. ____50_% of Poland’s forests damaged by acid rain iii. Ongoing ___economic___ and ____political___ evolution make it difficult to solve Eastern Europe’s environmental problems 6. Climate Change in Europe a. Impacts on Europe i. ___Dwindling__ Sea Ice ii. _Melting__ Glaciers iii. Sparse ___snow_ cover in Scandinavia iv. Drought in ____Mediterranean__ v. Rising Sea levels may impact _low_countries (Belgium, Netherlands) vi. Increased heat waves affecting _agriculture and residents.
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