Midterm Study Guide Sections 1-7

Midterm Study Guide Sections 1-7 - SOC 001 MIDTERM REVIEW...

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SOC 001 M IDTERM R EVIEW S HEET Hutson, Fall 2017 [Section 1] Introduction to Sociology What is a basic definition of sociology? - the study of human social behavior, explaining that behavior. Explain why people are doing what they are doing. Using their social contexts like who their surrounded by. What are the four branches of the academy? - Life Sciences - Physical Science - Humanities - Social Sciences Where does sociology fit within the broader university system? - Sociology focuses on the individual within society. - In the branches of the academy- - Social sciences, 4branches of the academy, humanities, physical sciences, life sciences How do sociologists try to explain the world differently from other disciplines, like biology or psychology? - Biological explanations- hormones, genetics, evolution. - Psychological explanations- childhood experiences, drives- forces- instincts, phobias. What are social contexts? - the various circumstances of a situation that help explain a set of behaviors. - Without understanding context of the behavior, we cannot fully understand the behavior. What are examples of how social contexts explain human behavior? - social class, gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, politics Explain the “sociological imagination,” particularly the difference between personal troubles and public issues . - Focuses on personal troubles vs. public issues - The sociological imagination means to imagine or think critically how individual problems may indicate wider spread social issues .
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- Wants us to think about how our individual problem are not really our but the problem is with the structure of society. In issues - When we see individual troubles we the person can make changes to better himself. When we see issues at a societal level we can make policy changes to better society. - City of 1000 people and one person can’t get a job- personal trouble - City of 500,000 people can’t find jobs- public issue Explain how racial profiling and body dissatisfaction are good examples of personal troubles vs. public issues. - Racial Profiling- Often understand as a personal trouble, Evidence it is a problem Evidence it is not a problem- maybe bad day for all parties involved. look at all incidences of police profiling ask if it’s an issue. - Body Dissatisfaction- Most people are dissatisfied with some aspect of their appearance. - anorexia becomes an epidemic Public issue because clear majority of society has this problem but seen as a personal - Women want to lose more weight, men want to gain muscle--- Companies/ industries benefit Why is it useful to ask the question, “Who benefits?” - Industries--- useful to ask this question because they feed off the insecurities of others. What three things do societies usually try to ensure? - Norms laws and institutions Explain why Hobbes and Rousseau believe that people came together to form societies in the first place.
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