Importance_of_Disarmament_Demobilization.pdf

Importance_of_Disarmament_Demobilization.pdf - Importance...

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Importance of Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) in Post Conflict Peacebuilding By Adinoyi A. Julius 1 Abstract Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) is a critical element of post conflict peace building (PCPB). The peace agreement leading-up from ceasefire agreement after the end of conflict situations is not sufficient enough to prevent the relapse into conflict, and thus the need to ensure a long-lasting peace by addressing not only the direct causes of violence but also the structural and cultural causes through reforms. This paper examines the importance of DDR in reforming the security and political sector, and also the reforms in the social and economic sector. In furtherance, this draws an analysis of those reforms within the African Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Burundi, Liberia, Cote D’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, and Sudan and South Sudan experience of DDR. 1 Adinoyi Julius ( MA Advanced Disaster Management) , is a postgraduate student (MA International Conflict Management) at the Institute of Diplomacy and International Studies (IDIS), University of Nairobi, Nairobi Kenya.
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1 DDR IMPORTNACE IN PCPB , BY ADINOYI, A. J TABLE OF CONTENT Abstract ......................................................................................................................................................... 0 TABLE OF CONTENT ...................................................................................................................................... 1 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 2 Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration ........................................................................................ 2 Theoretical Approach .................................................................................................................................... 3 Security Sector Reforms and Political Reforms ............................................................................................. 4 Reforms and Development of Social and Economic Sectors ........................................................................ 5 Cases Studies of the Role and Importance of DDR in African Countries ...................................................... 5 Angola ....................................................................................................................................................... 6 DRC ............................................................................................................................................................ 6 Burundi ...................................................................................................................................................... 7 Liberia ........................................................................................................................................................ 8 Côte D’Ivoire ........................................................................................................................................... 10 Sierra Leone ............................................................................................................................................ 10 Sudan and South Sudan .......................................................................................................................... 12 Conclusion ................................................................................................................................................... 12 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................ 14
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2 DDR IMPORTNACE IN PCPB , BY ADINOYI, A. J Introduction Peace, stability and safeguard are important elements of security of not only states but also that of the citizenry and their belongings. This brings us to the need to have transformational elements in the society for there to be sustainable development, in order words, transformational security settings is an important element of sustainable development, and this is only possible when there are synergies between long and short term coordinated efforts. In practical scenario to conflict zones, none of the fragile and conflict affected countries have meet the millennium development goals prior to 2011 and poverty rate is 20% higher in countries that have experienced conflict, and thus countries/states or zones that have had cycles of conflict have greater tendency to return back to hostile/conflict situation 2 . Peacebuilding has evolved as an element of the most critical and important in the aspect of international involvement in conflict and post-conflict situations. 3 The persistence of conflict has giving peacebuilding an overwhelming need in establishing favourable environment for sustainable peace through sustainable development. This brings out the significance of post- conflict phase of conflict management with respect to disarmament demobilization, and reintegration of former combatants which addresses mopping of the overabundance arms and
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