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Running head: CRITIQUE: QUANTITATIVE, QUALITATIVE, MIXED STUDIES 1 Critique: Quantitative, Qualitative Studies, and Mixed Studies Brad Mullins Walden University NURS 6052 N-15 Essentials of Evidence-Based Practice Dr. Sue Hunter January 5, 2017
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CRITIQUE 2 Critique: Quantitative, Qualitative Studies, and Mixed Studies Introduction The nursing profession has expanded and become more diverse since the days of Florence Nightingale. These new opportunities have also provided nurses the ability to participate in research with an aim at solving problems that are relevant to nursing (Polit & Beck, 2017). Participation in research by nurses could also one day make utilization of research more feasible in the workplace. The purpose of this paper is to examine and critique two research articles, using templates provided, to provide a level of insight on research techniques. The articles selected for examination include one article each that are considered quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative research is used to measure the problem by way of producing numerical data or statistics that can be transformed into useable measurements. Data is collected through a well- designed strategy and is often more structured then a qualitative research method. Qualitative research is mostly investigative and is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. Qualitative studies help to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research. Qualitative research can be used to discover trends in thoughts and views and allows for more investigation into a potentially bigger problem that may exist. Qualitative research is both a narrative and subjective human experience for all participants (Polit & Beck, 2017).
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CRITIQUE 3 Article One Parisi, M., Gerovasili, V., Dimopoulos, S., Kampisiouli, E., Goga, C., Perivolioti, E., & Nanas, S. (2016). Use of ventilator bundle and staff education to decrease ventilator-associated pneumonia in intensive care patients. Critical Care Nurse, 36 (5), 1-7. Parisi, M., Gerovasili, V., Dimopoulos, S., Kampisiouli, E., Goga, C., Perivolioti, E. & Nanas, S. (2016) determined that using a before and after studies approach on assessing the incidence of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) would provide the best insight on staff education and the use of ventilator bundles. The authors believed using two separate studies and combining the information into one useable quantitative research document would highlight the incidence of VAP with great detail as it relates to bundling use and ICU nurse staff education. Article Two Browne, E., Hellyer, T. P., Baudouin, S. V., Conway Morris, A., Linnett, V., McAuley, D. F., & Simpson, A. J. (2014). A national survey of the diagnosis and management of suspected ventilator-associated pneumonia. BMJ Open Respiratory Research, 1 (1) doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjresp-2014-000066 Browne, Hellyer, Baudouin, Conway Morris, Linnett, McAuley & Simpson (2014) list Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) affecting up to 20% of patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU). This incidence increases a patients risk for morbidity, mortality and predisposes
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