Chapter 3 SOCI.docx - Notes Culture= Human...

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Notes Culture= - Human- nature - (Superior)man- (inferior) man - Man- machine Jean- Jacques Rousseau idealized non western “savages” in contrast to corrupt and debased Europeans Matthew Arnold redefined culture as the pursuit of perfection and broad knowledge of the world in contrast to narrow self- centeredness and material Sapir- Whorf thesis= the language one speaks directly influences the way we think about and experience the world Nonmaterial culture, in its most abstract guise, takes the form of ideology Franz Boas founded the first PhD program in anthropology at Columbia University Margaret Mead founded that young women engaged in and enjoyed casual sex before they married and reared children Cultural scripts stand in opposition to the belief that such ideas derive from biological programming Clifford Geertz wrote over culture, which involved cock fighting in Bali Culture affects us through different processes with socialization Culture is a projection of social structures and relationships into the public sphere Karl Marx asserted that it is a one way street, “culture that justifies given relations in production Antonio Gramsci came up with the concept of hegemony Janice Radway argues that women exhibit a great deal of individual agency when reading romantic novels Allison Pugh pointed out economic statistics due to children and gifts Sharon Zukin points out mayor's reaction due to 24 hour terrorist attack Outline Definitions of Culture Culture can be loosely defined as a set of beliefs, traditions, and practices. The concept of culture has evolved and expanded throughout history. Perhaps one of the oldest understandings of culture focuses on the distinction between what is part of our natural environment and what is modified or created by humans.
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