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HW Chapter 4.docx - Chapter 4 In the late 17th Century...

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Chapter 4 In the late 17th Century, Southern English Colonies established racial hierarchies due to the loss of indentured servants, growing demand for a labor force, and eventual import of African slaves. In England, the Enclosure Movement forced many laborers off of their lands, leaving them unemployed. Desperate to earn a living, these farmers migrated to America as indentured servants. However, these indentured servants were often shortchanged with their freedom dues, leaving them without money or land after their term. Although Bacon’s Rebellion, forefronted by landless former servants, was suppressed, the wealthy landowners were forced to look elsewhere for their labor: Africa. A massive influx of slaves were brought by the Royal African Company, and by 1750, Africans accounted for half of Virginia’s population. Slave codes established in the Southern Colonies took this demographic widened the social gap between the two classes. In addition, they made
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