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Worksheet 5- Preschool.docx

Worksheet 5- Preschool.docx - Worksheet 5 Preschooler NUR...

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Worksheet 5: Preschooler NUR 250: Human and Growth Development Name: ___ ____ Person #: __________ 1. Explain Erikson’s, Freud’s and Piaget’s theories of preschool development Erikson Stage: initiative versus guilt: Erikson emphasized the growth of autonomy and the need to balance it with children’s dependence on parents during this period. Children are capable initiating activities and control their own world through social interactions and play. Freud Stage: phallic: the emphasis is on the child’s felling, drives, and developmental conflicts. Children take pleasure in their genitals and they begin to struggle with sexual desires toward to opposite sex parents. Piaget Stage: preoperational: children begin with rudimentary language and thinking abilities. Children focus on themselves and how actions will impact them. Describe the difference between the two parts of Piaget’s preschool stage The first part is the preconceptual period (about ages 2 to 4 or 5), is highlighted by the increasingly complex use of symbols and symbolic play. The second part is the intuitive (or transitional) period (about ages 4 or 5 to 7), is highlighted by children’s increasing understanding of causation, and their undertaking of simple mental operations and more realistic views of the world.
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