Chapter 13- Personality.pptx - Personality Chapter 13...

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Personality Chapter 13
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Psychodynamic Approaches Personality- The pattern of enduring characteristics that produce consistency and individuality in a given person. psychodynamic approaches – to personality Approaches that assume that personality is motivated by inner forces and conflicts about which people have little awareness and over which they have no control. psychoanalytic theory - Freud’s theory that unconscious forces act as determinants of personality. Unconscious - A part of the personality that contains the memories, knowledge, beliefs, feelings, urges, drives, and instincts of which the individual is not aware. Preconscious- which contains material that is not threatening and is easily brought to mind, such as the knowledge that 2 + 2 = 4
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STRUCTURING PERSONALITY: ID, EGO, AND SUPEREGO Id- The raw, unorganized, inborn part of personality whose sole purpose is to reduce tension created by primitive drives related to hunger, sex, aggression, and irrational impulses. Operates based on the pleasure principle in which the goal is the immediate reduction of tension and the maximization of satisfaction. Ego - The part of the personality that provides a buffer between the id and the outside world. Operates based on reality principle in which instinctual energy is restrained to maintain the individual’s safety and to help integrate the person into society. It makes decisions, controls actions, and allows thinking and problem solving of a higher order than the id’s capabilities permit. Superego - According to Freud, the final personality structure to develop; it represents the rights and wrongs of society as handed down by a person’s parents, teachers, and other importantfigures.
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DEFENSE MECHANISMS defense mechanisms - In Freudian theory, unconscious strategies that people use to
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