Chapter-10-Motivation-and-Emotion.pptx

Chapter-10-Motivation-and-Emotion.pptx - Motivation and...

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Motivation and Emotion Chapter 10
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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6kxSrPD __BA
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Instinct Approaches: Born to Be Motivated Motivation - The factors that direct and energize the behavior of humans and other organisms. Has biological, cognitive, and social aspects instincts - Inborn patterns of behavior that are biologically determined rather than learned. People and animals are preprogrammed with sets of behaviors essential to their survival Provide energy that channels behavior in appropriate directions Exploratory behavior may be motivated by an instinct to examine one’s territory
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Drive-Reduction Approaches: Satisfying Our Needs drive-reduction approaches to motivation - Theories suggesting that a lack of a basic biological requirement such as water produces a drive to obtain that requirement (in this case, the thirst drive). drive - Motivational tension, or arousal, that energizes behavior to fulfill a need. Primary drives- biological needs (hunger, thirst, sleep, etc.) Secondary drives- behavior fulfills no obvious biological need Prior experience and learning being about needs ( academic success) homeostasis - The body’s tendency to maintain a steady internal state. fundamental needs, including the needs for food, water, stable body temperature, and sleep, operate via homeostasis
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Arousal Approaches: Beyond Drive Reduction arousal approaches to motivation- The belief that we try to maintain certain levels of stimulation and activity increasing or reducing them as necessary. if levels of stimulation and activity are too low, we will try to increase them by seeking stimulation. Dare devil stunts; high stakes gamblers
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Incentive Approaches: Motivation’s Pull incentive approaches to motivation- Theories suggesting that motivation stems from the desire to obtain valued external goals, or incentives. Grades, money, food
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Cognitive Approaches: The Thoughts Behind Motivation cognitive approaches to motivation Theories suggesting that motivation is a product of people’s thoughts, expectations, and goals—their cognitions.
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