class notes.docx - COMM 305 Language-vehicle through which...

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COMM 305 1/8/18 Language -vehicle through which identity and race happens o Thurlow reading: Language is a tool for political power and maintaining power for hierarchy Language is intersubjective We learn from each other, we need each other for language ot have meaning Language isn’t a solitary act Language is always inherited – always speaking with echoes, language is always informed by history and multiple voices, language isn’t just in the moment Language creates power, includes and excludes If we value certain ways of speaking, certain terms, this is what is means to speak with class; simultaneously undermining other people Sticks and stones will break my bones but words will never hurt mean Bullshit o Language is an institution It is built isn’t natural; doesn’t spring into being Powerful Regulated and policed o Ideology of language People think language is natural, neutral We don’t think about the power that it has We say “oh it’s just a word”, “I know I said that but I didn’t mean it” o “Just because something is imagined does not mean that it is imaginary Language is constructed, we made it, doesn’t mean it has incredible consequences and power Similar to money – we assigned value to items by giving them a price and giving power to pieces of paper o Inherited and intersubjective Ex) come to a party, join a conversation, take a side, then leave but conversation keeps going Language fundamentally happens between more than one person Language forces action; taking sides; voicing opinions Languages are not created equal; we class language (standard/proper English vs slang) o Bourdieu: “habitus” The way we walk and talk is judged by other people Includes and excludes people Devaluing people that speak incorrectly and value people that speak correctly o Difference
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COMM 305 Through language, we separate people and things into groups Point out differences o Language and discourse o Sapir-Whorf we see the world through language; language is the way we interpret the world Linguistic Determinism Language is how we see, understand, interpret, and make meaning of the world Linguistic Relativism If we have different languages, dialects, etc. we will see the world inherently different from others (Abortion) Depending on what household we live in, we can see it as a choice or as murder *color scale Russians see different blues than English speakers because they have more names for blue colors Ideology of language Topic: Sex, sexuality Language for women who like sex: hoe, slut, whore, thot (that hoe over there), thirsty, skank, easy Language for men that likes sex: fuck boy, man whore, player, womanizer Language towards men give them more power, sexual double standard, womanizer means they achieved something-theirs skill in it, words are heteronormative Women are more judged, words are more negative
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