Chapter 15- Psychological Disorders.pptx

Chapter 15- Psychological Disorders.pptx - Psychological...

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Psychological Disorders Chapter 15
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Defining Abnormality abnormal behavior - Behavior that causes people to experience distress and prevents them from functioning in their daily lives. Abnormality as deviation from the average behaviors are rare or occur infrequently in a specific society or culture and label those deviations from the norm “abnormal. Abnormality as deviation from the ideal. in relation to the standard toward which most people are striving—the ideal. (deviates from some kind of ideal or cultural standard) Abnormality as a sense of personal discomfort behavior is considered abnormal if it produces a sense of personal distress, anxiety, or guilt in an individual—or if it is harmful to others in some way. Abnormality as the inability to function effectively those who are unable to adjust to the demands of society or function effectively. Abnormality as a legal concept Insanity
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Perspectives on Abnormality: From Superstition to Science medical perspective - The perspective that suggests that when an individual displays symptoms of abnormal behavior, the root cause will be found in a physical examination of the individual, which may reveal a hormonal imbalance, a chemical deficiency, or a brain injury. psychoanalytic perspective- The perspective that suggests that abnormal behavior stems from childhood conflicts over opposing wishes regarding sex and aggression. behavioral perspective - The perspective that looks at the behavior itself as the problem. analyze how an individual has learned it and observe the circumstances in which it is displayed. cognitive perspective - The perspective that suggests that people’s thoughts and beliefs are a central component of abnormal behavior. humanistic perspective - The perspective that emphasizes the responsibility people have for their own behavior, even when such behavior is abnormal. sociocultural perspective - The perspective that assumes that people’s behavior— both normal and abnormal— is shaped by the kind of family group, society, and culture in which they live.
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Classifying Abnormal Behavior: The ABCs of DSM Crazy. Whacked.
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