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Module 2 Notes.docx

Module 2 Notes.docx - Carbohydrates Monosaccharides(easy...

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Carbohydrates - Monosaccharides (easy sugars) - Disaccharides (combinations of monosaccharides) - Polysaccharides Absorbing Carbs: Monosaccharides - Glucose o Six carbons - Galactose o Six carbons o Mother’s milk o Sweet - Fructose o Fruit sugar o Five carbons o Directly absorbed into the intestine and go to the liver Absorbing Carbs: Disaccharides - Sucrose = glucose + fructose o Broken down by sucrase - Maltose = glucose + glucose o Broken down by maltase - Lactose = glucose + galactose o Broken down by lactase Lactose Intolerance - Gastrointestinal pain and abdominal pain o Lactose isn’t broken down and draws water in from the outside into the gut, causing cramping and bloating and gas - Similar to Celiac disease (gluten intolerance) o Amount of lactase decrease as you mature, so it is difficult to consume milk as you grow older o Exception: Americans from northeastern Europe - Prevention: Lactaid o Contains lactase and remains active as you drink milk Absorbing Carbs: Polysaccharides - Starch (easily broken down) o Salivary amylase: starches Monosaccharides stimulate pancreas to secrete insulin absorb glucose in tissue o Amylase from pancreas: starches (disaccharides) monosaccharides liver - Fiber (not easily broken down) - Glycogen o Storage for monosaccharides o Dispense a lot of water when glycogen is broken down Moving Carbs into Different Tissues (A) - Starch march
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