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Unformatted text preview: 10/26/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses Unit 3: Agriculture 1. In this excerpt from John Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath, how does the author characterize mechanized agriculture? The man sitting in the iron seat did not look like a man; gloved, goggled, rubbeIZI and mouth, he was a part of the monster, a robot in the seat. The thunder of the TIME through the country, became one with the air and the earth, so that earth and a LEFTI 56:50 sympathetic vibration. The driver could not control it—straight across country a dozen farms and straight back. (Source) 0 A) As necessary 0 B) As an innovation Q C) As being mysterious O D) As having dominant power 2. Which of these is not one of the main functions of a plow? Q A) To prevent water from collecting on the soil's surface 0 B) To kill weeds 0 C) To return nutrients on the surface deeper into the soil 0 D) To break up soil 3. Which of these was an advantage of using barbed wire on Western ranches? O A) Cattle could not get out of barbed wire structures. 0 B) Barbed wire was cheaper than previous fencing ideas. 0 C) All of these. 0 D) The maintenance of barbed wire was none to minimal. 4. The Industrial Revolution's impact on the farming industry includes O A) a reduction in human labor. 0 B) a return to the simple machines of the previous era. Q C) sophisticated irrigation systems. 0 D) all of these. 5. Which of these is not a principle of basic refrigeration? Q A) The compressor pressurizes the coolant, making it a cool liquid that travels to the coolant coils. Q B) Immediately after leaving the expansion valve, the coolant gas is cold enough to freeze the food. 0 C) The coolant goes through a process in which it removes the heat it absorbed from the food and makes it cold again. 0 D) Air blows across food toward cooling coils. 6. Complete this sentence: With the right amount of in the soil, plants turn sunshine into food. 0 A) organisms Q B) oxygen 0 C) nitrogen t O D) bacteria 10/26/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses 7. Advertisements like this appeared after the invention of barbed wire. What was the effect? (Source) 0 A) The ads had enormous success; the demand for barbed wire skyrocketed in the East. 0 B) The ads caused people to raise the issue of whether barbed wire could be harmful to ranchers and their cattle. Q C) The ads had limited impact; salesman were needed to push the product. 0 D) The ads inspired some ranchers to start new businesses in which they provided the labor needed for barbed wire construction. 8. Complete this sentence: has allowed individual insects with the highest tolerance to our poisons to survive and breed, and soon insects will outnumber the ones we can control. 0 A) Overfarming; healthy 0 B) Natural selection; herbicide-resistant O C) The Green Revolution; adapted O D) Artificial selection; pesticide-resistant 9. Which of these is true about golden rice? 0 A) It is a genetically engineered rice that supplies Vitamin A. O B) It was just one of the crops shown to retain Roundup Ready pesticides. O C) It is being used worldwide to a tremendous reception. 0 D) It was the only crop proven to not leech nitrogen from the soil. 10. What problem did Fritz Haber solve for farmers? O A) The need to keep meat from spoiling without refrigeration O B) The need to rotate crops to guard against nitrogen depletion Q C) The need to keep cattle together in one place r O D) The need to create a machine that combined cutting and thrashing 10/26/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses 11. Why were smooth-wire fences, though an improvement on previous fencing ideas, an insufficient solution for containing cattle? Q A) They took too long to construct. Q B) Land wasn't clearly demarcated at that time, so establishing fair land boundaries was impossible. Q C) Ranchers could quickly disassemble them and steal other ranchers' cattle. O D) Cattle could lean on them and break them. 12. In the TED Talk "Meet the New Meat," the speaker says that one of the problems w1tfi meat production is that O A) the number of vegetarians in America will triple over the next ten years, causing a significant decline in the demand for meat. Q B) for every 15 grams of meat that we reap, we have to feed cattle 100 grams of vegetable proteins. 0 C) raising cattle takes up approximately 20 percent of available land currently and will rise in increments of 2 percent every year. O D) the enforcement of sanitary regulations at slaughterhouses will cause the cost of meat to rise by 15 cents per pound. 13. Based on the TED Talk "Meet the New Neat," meat can be grown in a lab by using 0 A) underutilized cow parts. 0 B) none of these. 0 C) muscle stem cells. O D) red blood cells and electric stimulation. 14. What is the term for the early agricultural tool that consisted of pointed sticks that were dragged along the ground? Q A) Hoe O B) Ard Q C) Sickle O D) Cleaver 15. Pottery became an attractive food storage solution, but one drawback was that Q A) animals could chew through pottery. O B) pottery took time to make. 0 C) pottery often cracked. O D) food became warm in pottery. 16. Which of these was a controversy surrounding barbed wire in the early days? Q A) The fight for patent rights 0 B) All of these 0 C) The pricing of the new fencing method 0 D) The number of cattle injured by the barbs 17. What caused small farmers to go into debt during the Green Revolution? O A) The cost of herbicides and pesticides r O B) The repairs to high-tech machines 10/26/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses 0 C) People's demand for crops that were expensive to harvest O D) Buying more land than they could actually farm 18. Which pair of words is most associated with reaping grain? Q A) bit tools, slicing O B) granaries, cutting Q C) scythes, dicing O D) flails, threshing 19. All of these are proto-agricultural strategies that hunter-gatherers used except 0 A) noticing weeds and getting rid of them. Q B) using controlled burns to manage the landscape. 0 C) seeding in order to grow new plants. O D) irrigating in order to direct rainwater. 20. Which of these was an effect of mechanizing farming? Q A) People became more concerned about the environment. 0 B) Small and large farms worked cooperatively. SUBMIT TEST 0 C) People moved to the city. O D) Fewer animals were needed. Last updated on 2017-07-27 19:21 :01 —technology—college/FABBZ55982FB461A8D4F3B81 D2A891CO.html 4/4 ...
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