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Unformatted text preview: 10/17/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses Unit 2: Transportation 1. Which of these was a later innovation on the invention of the first wheel? 0 A) Iron bands were stretched around wooden wheels to make them more durable. O B) Both of these. TIME 0 c) Axles became jointed so they could turn. LEFT: 59:46
O D) Neither of these. 2. Which of these is true about MacAdam's process of "macadamization"?
O A) It involved the first road that was constructed without the use of gravel.
O B) It is still the basic process used today to build roads.
0 c) It is the process of building roads slightly lower than the surrounding land.
0 D) It involved using rainwater to solidify road surfaces. 3. With the Atlantic cable and the transcontinentals, Margaret lrvein Carrington wrote in 1869 that "with only a single wire to
underlie the Pacific, the whole earth will become as a whispering gallery, wherein all nations, by one electric pulsation, may
throb in unison, and the continent shall tremble with the rumbling of wheels that swiftly and without interruption or delay
transport its gospel and commerce" (source). With which of these statements would Carrington agree? O A) These innovations were made possible only because the country had embraced scientific principles.
0 B) These innovations meant that the nation could ﬁnally be ruled by one government. 0 c) These innovations meant that distant places seemed to grow closer together. 0 D) These innovations were made possible only because people had come together in harmony. 4. How did travois help as a mode of transportation?
0 A) It allowed people to drag their stuff.
0 B) It allowed people to carry stuff across their shoulders.
O c) It allowed people to transport wood.
0 D) It allowed people to walk on snow. 5. Which of these was perhaps an unintended outcome of trading on the Indian Ocean?
0 A) People exchanged ideas, religions, and languages.
0 B) People combined forces to build larger warring factions.
O c) People learned new innovations about sailing.
O D) People made anti-war agreements. 6. Traveling by foot was made easier by early innovations that included
0 A) the wheel.
0 B) domesticated animals.
0 C) skis.
O D) canoes. 7. Why were the United States and Britain the two countries that most embraced steamships?
O A) As nations engaged in war, they wanted the most advanced ships of the time.
Q B) As industrialized nations, they had the most access to steam power.
O c) They were the most interested in ﬁnding cheaper forms of transportation.
0 D) They enjoyed the beneﬁts of trade and wanted faster transportation means. 8. Saturn V had the distinction of
O A) disproving Newton's three laws of motion.
0 B) being modeled on Robert Goddard's liquid-fuel rocket.
O c) carrying the first Americans to the moon.
0 D) paying homage to the first rocket ever made, by China in the 12003. 9. Which of these was a chief complaint about Western railroads?
O A) Railway construction meant destroying nature.
0 B) Railway employees were killed and maimed doing dangerous work.
0 c) Railway companies were monopolies. 10/17/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses
0 D) All of these. 10. Which of these well-known principles is applicable to rockets?
O A) E=mc2
O B) Velocity=H X distance
0 c) For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.
0 D) The force acting on a submerged object equals the weight of the liquid displaced. 11. You played the game "The Roads of Rome lll." (You're welcome.) What aspect of the game most genuinW
the Romans? 0 A) The materials from which the roads were constructed
0 B) The speed at which the Romans could repair roads
0 c) The importance of roads in welfare 0 D) All of these 12. Which of these is a reason horses were a more advantageous animal over cattle for assisting humans with tedious tasks?
0 A) Horses could haul more weight than cattle.
O B) Horses did not need long amounts of time to eat and rest.
O c) Horses were more easily trained to haul stuff carefully.
O D) All of these. 13. How was the first interstate similar to interstates we have today?
0 A) Road surfaces were rough because concrete was not used.
0 B) Interstates had multiple lanes and shoulders for pulling off.
0 c) A yellow line was used to separate traffic in two directions on the same road.
0 D) Tractors were acceptable vehicles that could access the interstate. 14. Which of these is a transportation technology most associated with the Agricultural-Craftsman era?
0 A) Wheels and roads
0 B) Railroads
O c) Boats
0 D) Walking 15. Which of these is not a true statement about Henry Ford?
0 A) Ford's Model T was cheaper than any car that had been produced before it.
0 B) By 1918, half of all automobiles driven in the U.S. were Ford's model.
0 c) Ford created the Hippomobile after tinkering on paper with his ideas.
0 D) Ford wanted to design a car that could be assembled cheaply. 16. The Age of Exploration changed the world as it got more connected, but it also meant that some regions were introduced to
O A) the trade of slaves.
O B) new diseases.
0 c) the exchange of plants and animals.
0 D) all of these. 17. Which of these is responsible for new settlements all along the Paciﬁc Ocean?
0 A) All of these.
0 B) The Lapita culture's knowledge of the essentials of living and thriving.
O c) The Lapita culture's desire to communicate with a number of other cultures.
0 D) The Lapita culture's ability to set up rudimentary government systems. 18. Which of these early technologies was most useful for determining latitude?
O A) Astrolabe
O B) Magnetized compass
O C) Kamal
O D) Brass rings 10/17/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses 19. In The Economist video about China's migration, the narrator discusses how the migration from rural areas to cities is a result
of O A) the lack of a need for farmers. O 3) better employment opportunities.
0 C) better housing conditions. 0 D) all of these. 20. Which of these expresses a commonality between the Suez Canal and the Panama Canal? 0 A) They were carried out using immigrant labor from South America.
0 B) They were used for roughly fifty years before they were no longer needed.
0 C) They reduced the amount of sailing ships would have to do to reach their intended destinations. O D) They were built at roughly the same time.
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