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Unformatted text preview: 10/17/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses Unit 1: Energy 1. Given that the Nazca Lines were created when only rudimentary tools had been developed, the enterprising Peruvians likely O A) used stone tools for digging. O B) used fire for clearing land. TIME 0 c) used simple machines like rollers to supplement human energy. LEFT: 59:50 O D) all of these. 2. In The Road to Wigan Pier, OnNell describes the physical laboriousness of the job and says that it can only be completed by O A) men who have lost their spirit. 0 B) young men. 0 c) men who have the strength of an ox. O D) deranged men. 3. In the video "Ancient Roman Industrial Watermills," it was said that the Romans 0 A) engaged in wars that resulted from the desire to protect the watermills. O B) had a lack of necessary slave labor, so watermills were built by the armies. O c) used very basic, labor-intensive designs in their approach to watermills. O D) used mills to create flour factories that were used to make breads that fed the Romans. 4. Which of these was a negative outcome of the Industrial Revolution? 0 A) All of these 0 3) Child labor 0 c) Crowded living conditions 0 D) Poorer air quality 5. Which of these is NOT a common misconception about the contributions to technology throughout history? 0 A) The latest inventions are not built upon available technology. 0 B) Most of our greatest inventions were developed in Europe. 0 c) Advancements across time and place are simple to explain. 0 D) Advances in technology often came from the work of white men. 6. The BBC Video "Shock and Awe: The Story of Electricity" begins with a discussion of how the movement of electricity was shown to audiences by Stephen Gray with an experiment that involved static electricity, 0 A) a swing, and a gold leaf. 0 B) a roller, and a flat surface. 0 c) a wheel, and a rod. 0 D) a pen, and paper. 7. When positive and negative charged particles are put together, the result is O A) chemical energy. 0 B) thermal energy. 0 c) nuclear energy. 0 D) electric energy. 8. What point does OnNell emphasize in The Road to Wigan Pier at the end of the excerpt you read? 0 A) Those who worked in coal mines at the time of his work was published had better working conditions than just a few years earlier, when even pregnant women held those jobs. 0 B) The use of a conveyer belt, made possible by the Industrial era, has changed the laboriousness of the job of a coal miner. O c) The world has grown too dependent upon coal, and it will be civilization's great undoing. O D) Those who work to make coal available are easily forgotten, because their work is invisible to the people who depend on them. 9. Dynamos were first powered by O A) steam. O B) coal. 0 C) telegraph systems. 10/17/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses 0 D) hand cranks. 10. Which of these was an effect of the proliferation of electricity in the early 20th century? 0 A) Workers didn't need windows to work by sunlight, so dim work dungeons were acceptable. 0 3) Most American homes had electricity. 0 c) All of these. 0 D) Workers didn't need sunlight to work, so businesses could operate 24 hours a day. 11. Which of these is the most recently developed or utilized energy source? 0 A) Steam 0 B) Renewable O c) Fossil fuels 0 D) Electricity 12. Water flowing in a river, dragged downhill by gravity, is an example of which type of energy? 0 A) Both kinetic and static, depending on the amount of rainfall in the area 0 B) Both kinetic and static, depending on the size of the river 0 c) Static O D) Kinetic 13. The first steam engine was successfully used to O A) begin the Industrial Revolution by creating paper factories. O 3) save the mining industry by pumping out water. 0 c) move trains along tracks for short distances. 0 D) replace water wheels in the production of grains. 14. How did early toolmakers use fire? 0 A) All of these 0 B) To sharpen points 0 c) To heat tools to make cutting easier 0 D) To create ash for keeping animals away 15. Read this statement: In 1954, the head of the Atomic Energy Commission predicted that nuclear energy would make electricity so cheap and plentiful that it would no longer be metered—free energy for the world. Did this prediction turn out to be true or false? 0 A) True; electricity is used to light the world. 0 3) True; electricity is free. 0 c) False; uranium mining turned out to be too costly to provide electricity for free. 0 D) False; nuclear energy provides only 13 percent of the world's electricity. 16. How does DC power differ from AC power? 0 A) None of these. 0 B) DC power runs in one direction, whereas AC power has electrons constantly switching direction. 0 c) DC power travels further distances than AC without losing power. 0 D) DC power required the use of a transformer, whereas AC power did not. 17. The huge glass tubes that were needed to convert, amplify, and switch electrical currents were eventually replaced by O A)insulators. O B) silicon crystals. 0 c) copper wires. 0 D) semiconductors. 18. Some argue that transistors are the most important invention of the 20th century because without them, 0 A) we would have huge televisions with vacuum tubes still. 0 B) we wouldn't have GPS in our cars. 0 c) we wouldn't have laptops. r O D) all of these. 10/17/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses 19. Which of these describes a difference between post mills and tower mills? O A) Only tower mills could pivot in order to turn to face the wind. 0 B) Post mills were much larger in size than tower mills. O C) Only tower mills included a second, smaller set of sails on the side of the mills. O D) Post mills were more expensive to build because the posts required additional lumber. 20. Which of these describes how conversion was necessary for the use of electricity in homes? 0 A) AC currents had to be converted to DC currents because homes did not need fast-traveling electric..,. O 3) AC currents had to be converted to DC currents in order to reach homes that were distant from power sources. 0 C) None of these. 0 D) AC currents had to be converted to DC currents in order to supply power to small appliances. SUBMIT TEST Last updated on 2017-07-27 19:21 :01 https://www.shmoop.com/courses/history-of—technology—college/E312DD4A9B564673871 FC14BD9FF52E1 .html 3/3 ...
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