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Unformatted text preview: 10/26/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses Unit 2: Transportation 1. It is believed that people began to leave their origination place of Aﬁica as a result of O A) major warring conﬂicts. ' l' t' h'ft .
Q B) major 0 ma 1c s 1 s TIME 0 C) major political changes. LE FT: 59 ; 50
O D) major economic ﬂuctuation. 2. All of these describe approaches the Romans took when constructing roads except that
Q A) they used crushed rock to ﬁlter rainwater.
O B) they raised mounds of earth to make the roads higher than surrounding land.
0 C) they paved their paths With a mixture of concrete and gravel. O D) they created separate paths leading to the same places so that the paths wore more evenly. 3. Which of these is a reason horses were a more advantageous animal over cattle for assisting humans with tedious tasks?
0 A) Horses could haul more weight than cattle.
O B) Horses were more easily trained to haul stuff carefully.
O C) Horses did not need long amounts of time to eat and rest.
0 D) All of these. 4. Which of these describes one main purpose of Tom Wujec's TED Talk about the astrolabe?
Q A) The astrolabe supports the idea that all human energy comes from forces of nature.
Q B) The astrolabe is one of the few early technologies that did not evolve over time.
Q C) The astrolabe serves as a reminder to us how incredibly resourceful people were in the Middle Ages.
0 D) The astrolabe was always made of brass and was therefore expensive and not portable. 5. Which of these well-known principles is applicable to rockets?
O A) For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.
Q B) The force acting on a submerged object equals the weight of the liquid displaced.
O C) Velocity=H X distance
0 D) E=mc2 6. Which of these is not an advantage of globalization?
O A) An exchange of technologies and information
Q B) An increase in the affordability of specialty food items
Q C) The sharing of cultural ideas
0 D) The closing of the technological inequalities gap 7. All of these are valid statements about rockets except that
Q A) rockets don't need air to work.
Q B) rockets use either liquid or solid fuels.
0 C) rockets are powered by turning fuel into hot gas. 0 D) rockets and jet engines have essentially the same mechanics. 8. The invention of the wheel was signiﬁcant because it allowed for
Q A) urbanization.
Q B) globalization.
Q C) imperialism.
O D) militarization. 9. In his TED Talk about the astrolabe, Tom Wujec explains how the astrolabe allowed the user to O A) make a connection to distant people. 0 B) make a connection to the night sky. 0 C) learn to identify stars in the sky. O D) learn to recognize differences in patterns of weather. 10. Which of these was not a signiﬁcant change to airplane construction during the Pioneer Era? 10/26/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses 0 A) From biplane to monoplane
Q B) From aluminum to wood 0 C) All of these
0 D) From small engines to large engines 11. How did travois help as a mode of transportation?
0 A) It allowed people to carry stuff across their shoulders.
O B) It allowed people to drag their stuff.
Q C) It allowed people to transport wood.
0 D) It allowed people to walk on snow. 12. Which of these was a major problem with early railroads?
Q A) They were not embraced as a means of travel initially.
Q B) They were not standardized from one region to another.
0 C) They were dominated by decisions by Paciﬁc Railway.
0 D) They were not sufﬁciently utilized during the Civil War. 13. How was the ﬁrst interstate similar to interstates we have today?
0 A) Tractors were acceptable vehicles that could access the interstate.
O B) Interstates had multiple lanes and shoulders for pulling off.
0 C) Road surfaces were rough because concrete was not used.
0 D) A yellow line was used to separate trafﬁc in two directions on the same road. 14. Which of these describes part of the Wright brothers' research that ultimately supported their ﬁrst airplane construction?
O A) A bicycle experiment that explored the principle of balance
0 B) A wind tunnel to measure drag and lift
0 C) An internship with the ﬁrst creator of a glider
O D) The physics of a hot air balloon liftoff 15. The Age of Exploration changed the world as it got more connected, but it also meant that some regions were introduced to
O A) the trade of slaves.
Q B) new diseases.
0 C) the exchange of plants and animals.
0 D) all of these. 16. Why were camels essential in the Sub-Saharan Aﬁican empires?
0 A) They were the strongest of all domesticated animals.
Q B) Unlike other animals, they could handle the heat in the region.
Q C) They were the smartest of all available animals.
0 D) Unlike other animals, they did not eat or drink much. 17. By the 18705, what did steamers make possible?
0 A) Crossing the Atlantic for fun
0 B) Immigrating from Europe to the U.S. for the ﬁrst time
Q C) Trading between Europe and Africa
0 D) Using goods to negotiate with foreign powers 18. Which of these expresses a commonality between the Suez Canal and the Panama Canal?
0 A) They were built at roughly the same time.
Q B) They reduced the amount of sailing ships would have to do to reach their intended destinations.
O C) They were used for roughly ﬁﬁy years before they were no longer needed.
0 D) They were carried out using immigrant labor from South America. 19. Which of these was a later innovation on the invention of the ﬁrst wheel?
0 A) Neither of these.
0 B) Iron bands were stretched around wooden wheels to make them more durable.
Q C) Axles became jointed so they could turn. 10/26/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses
O D) Both of these. 20. Based on what you know about the characteristics of the Asian dhow boats in the Middle Ages, which of these would be a suitable
purpose for that type of boat? Q A) Sailing far out into oceans to discover new lands
0 B) Going to battle to settle neighboring conﬂicts O C) Hauling heavy items from one place to another SUBMIT TEST 0 D) Coastal trading between cities Last updated on 2017-07-27 19:21 :01 moop.com/courses/history-of—tech nology—college/639ECZD951 CZ4292807ECE9C7BQDDF7 F. html 3/3 ...
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