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Unformatted text preview: 10/17/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses nit 3: Agriculture
1. Read this excerpt from John Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath. The driver sat in his iron seat and he was proud of the straight lines he did not will, proud of the tractor he did not own or love, proud
of the power he could not control. And when that crop grew, and was harvested, no man had crumbled a hot cl
the earth sift past his ﬁngertips. No man had touched the seed, or lusted for the growth.(Source) TIME LEFT: 59:52 The author's main point is that new ways of farming O A) meant farmers could harvest their crop more efﬁciently.
Q B) meant more people had the opportunity to farm.
0 C) created distance between the farmer and his land. 0 D) created a food product that was less nutritious than before. 2. In this excerpt ﬁom John Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath, how does the author characterize mechanized agriculture? The man sitting in the iron seat did not look like a man; gloved, goggled, rubber dust mask over nose and mouth, he was a part of the
monster; a robot in the seat. The thunder of the cylinders sounded through the country, became one with the air and the earth, so that
earth and air muttered in sympathetic vibration. The driver could not control it—straight across country it went, cutting through a
dozen farms and straight back. (Source) 0 A) As having dominant power
0 B) As necessary Q C) As an innovation O D) As being mysterious 3. Pesticides and herbicides are technologies developed during which era?
0 A) Industrial
0 B) Post-Industrial
O C) Hunter-Gatherer
O D) Agricultural-Craftsman 4. How did the Agricultural Revolution contribute to the Urban Revolution?
Q A) Advanced farming techniques inspired people to want to be farmers.
Q B) Successful farmers producing an abundant food supply gave people the opportunity to take other jobs.
0 C) Improved living conditions made people want to share their culture with their neighbors.
O D) Farming made people want to domesticate and own land. 5. The Industrial Revolution‘s impact on the farming industry includes
0 A) a return to the simple machines of the previous era.
0 B) a reduction in human labor.
0 C) sophisticated irrigation systems.
0 D) all of these. 6. Which of these people is likely most responsible for the genesis of the idea of barbed wire?
0 A) Joseph Glidden
O B) Isaac Ellwood
O C) Henry M. Rose
0 D) Jacob Haish 7. Which of these was an advantage of using barbed wire on Western ranches?
Q A) Cattle could not get out of barbed wire structures.
Q B) The maintenance of barbed wire was none to minimal.
0 C) Barbed wire was cheaper than previous fencing ideas.
0 D) All of these. 8. Pottery became an attractive food storage solution, but one drawback was that
Q A) pottery often cracked.
O B) animals could chew through pottery.
t O C) pottery took time to make. 0 D) food became warm in pottery. 10/17/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses
9. Humans can breed wolves to be gentler over time, which is a process termed
O A) artiﬁcial selection.
0 B) accentuation.
Q C) domestication.
O D) natural selection. 10. Which of these was an effect of mechanizing farming?
Q A) Small and large farms worked cooperatively.
O B) Fewer animals were needed.
Q C) People became more concerned about the environment.
0 D) People moved to the city. 11. Complete this sentence: has allowed individual insects with the highest tolerance to our poisons to survive and breed, and
soon insects will outnumber the ones we can control. 0 A) Natural selection; herbicide-resistant
Q B) The Green Revolution; adapted
O C) Artiﬁcial selection; pesticide-resistant O D) Overfarming; healthy 12. Which of these was a drawback related to increased interest in beef as a food source?
0 A) Cattle created greenhouse gases.
0 B) Cattle poop introduced nitrogen into water sources.
0 C) All of these.
0 D) Cattle took up lots of farmland. 13. Which of these best describes the Fertile Crescent in Mesopotamia?
Q A) The place that had the richest soil of all the habitable continents
Q B) The earliest known area that supported a lifestyle of meat-ﬂee, plant-based diets
O C) The region from which other regions learned agricultural techniques
0 D) The place where the agricultural way of life was developed earliest 14. Why were pork and chicken the main sources of protein rather than beef for Americans in the mid-1800s?
Q A) Americans did not have a refrigeration system.
Q B) Americans preferred to eat the animals that they could raise on their own land.
0 C) Americans were concerned about their physical well-being and knew that pork and chicken were healthier choices. 0 D) Americans were worried that cattle would be eaten faster than they could reproduce and go extinct like buffalo. 15. Why were smooth-wire fences, though an improvement on previous fencing ideas, an insufﬁcient solution for containing cattle?
O A) Cattle could lean on them and break them.
Q B) They took too long to construct.
O C) Ranchers could quickly disassemble them and steal other ranchers' cattle. O D) Land wasn't clearly demarcated at that time, so establishing fair land boundaries was impossible. 16. Between harpoons and woven nets, why are woven nets the more efﬁcient technology developed during the hunter-gatherer era?
0 A) Woven nets required less energy expenditure than harpoons.
O B) Woven nets were larger in size than harpoons.
Q C) Woven nets could be used repeatedly, unlike harpoons.
O D) Woven nets were made from resources found in nature, unlike harpoons. 17. Which of these is a true statement from the story of the Flavr Savr Tomato?
0 A) The Flavr Savr tomato saved the farming industry from going under in the 1990s.
0 B) The Flavr Savr tomato caused a media stir that made the public question the use of DDT.
Q C) The Flavr Savr tomato was the ﬁrst genetically-engineered crop brought to market. O D) The Flavr Savr tomato was the ﬁrst tomato grown without the use of pesticides. 18. Which of these was a problem with agriculture in America in the 19405?
O A) All of these. 10/17/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses 0 B) Barbed wire had reduced the amount of land devoted to agriculture.
0 C) Monocropping had leached the soil of nitrogen. O D) The proliferation of ranches made meat, not crops, the focus of people's diet. 19. Which pair of words is most associated with reaping grain?
Q A) granaries, cutting
O B) scythes, dicing
O C) ﬂails, threshing
O D) bit tools, slicing 20. How were scythes different from sickles? Q A) Scythes didn't require the user to bend over. 0 B) Scythes made reaping easy and quick work. Q C) Scythes were used to harvest wheat, whereas sickles were used to harvest any crop.
O D) Scythes had wooden handles, whereas sickles had stone handles. SUBMIT TEST Last updated on 2017-07-27 19:21 :01 https://www.shmoop.com/courses/history-of—technology—college/FABBZ55982FB461A8D4F3B81 D2A891CO.html 3/3 ...
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- The Grapes of Wrath , Barbed wire, Flavr Savr tomato, Scythes, Shmoop Online Courses