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Unformatted text preview: 10/17/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses Unit 5: Health and Household 1. Which of these was not an outcome of inventions and improvements to the cloth-making industry? Q A) Cotton plantations proliferated in order to provide the cotton needed by the factories. Q B) Factories could produce a lot of clothing, which drove up the price of their goods. TIME 0 C) Factories were established, and even women and children provided the labor. LE FT: 59:53 O D) Home producers of cloth were put out of work by wealthy investors in efficient machines. 2. Which of these is true about the invention of eyeglasses? Q A) Convex lenses were placed in frames in Italy in the 12005. O B) Eye glasses were cheap and readily available. 0 C) Eyeglasses became popular immediately for their practical construction. 0 D) Benjamin Franklin invented bifocals. 3. Which of these is not an accurate statement about the warp-weighted loom? O A) The threads were weighted down by stone, pottery, or metal. 0 B) The threads were tied together in small bunches. O C) The loom could only be used to make small tapestries. O D) It is still used today by Norwegians. 4. Which of these is a true statement about ovens in the Middle Ages? 0 A) Everyone had one. Q B) They were all made of stone. 0 C) They were built for big households or bakeries. O D) They were only for making bread. 5. Henry Hill Hickman proposed using carbon dioxide as an anesthetic but doing so caused people to O A) pass out for only short periods of time. Q B) suffocate. O C) experience delirium. O D) suffer from anxiety. 6. Which of these is true about early attempts at inoculation? O A) All of these. 0 B) Some inoculations wore off after a few years. 0 C) Some inoculations were unsuccessful, and people succumbed to the disease. 0 D) Some inoculations were too potent, and people died. 7. How did Jonas Salk contribute to the end of the polio epidemic? Q A) By developing penicillin Q B) By showing that polio could be treated in the same way as smallpox O C) By creating a vaccine based on growing tissue cultures from a monkey O D) By creating a vaccine that could be injected into the buttocks rather than placed inside the nostril 8. What is earliest use of buttons? 0 A) As a fastener Q B) As ornamentation Q C) None of these O D) As a cutting tool 9. Which of these innovations is associated with the Industrial era? O A) Building materials 0 B) Electricity in the home 0 C) Vaccination O D) Weaving 10. Van Leeuwenhoek was a Dutch textile merchant who became a pioneer of microbiology because he 10/17/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses 0 A) became an expert on animal reproduction. Q B) theorized that fertilization occurred between sperm and an egg. 0 C) reported observations of organisms living in water. 0 D) laid the foundations of plant anatomy. 11. Cloning is different from recombinant DNA technology because cloning O A) uses the same processes as embryo twinning. O B) is about mixing and matching genes. Q C) does not requiring the mapping of a genome. O D) is about producing a copy of the genetic material. 12. Which of these is a goal for cloning in the future? 0 A) To be able to grow organs in test tubes 0 B) To be able to clone live animals 0 C) To be able to engineer animals to produce useful proteins 0 D) To be able to use stem cells to clone human skin 13. How did gadgets for the home change the American standard of living? 0 A) They created a materialistic society in which acquisitions demonstrated wealth. O B) None of these. 0 C) They inspired women to work outside the home instead of in the home. 0 D) They shified labor from being done by people to being done by machines. 14. Which of these is a true statement about cowpox and smallpox? O A) Cowpox is still a detrimental disease, but smallpox has been eradicated completely. 0 B) Edward Jenner proved that milkmaids could not contract smallpox once they had contracted cowpox. O C) Cowpox was shown to result from unsanitary working conditions, but smallpox was transferred through the air. 0 D) Edward Jenner showed a relationship between cowpox and smallpox, which later led to an effective vaccine. 15. Which of these is an impact that pasteurization had on the food industry? 0 A) The importance of protein from non-animal sources became more commonly known. Q B) An industrial model of agriculture developed. 0 C) People developed a natural resistance to certain diseases. 0 D) Farming became a more attractive profession. 16. How did the invention of the flying shuttle in 1733 improve textile production? 0 A) Less thread was used to produce the same amount of material. Q B) Workers could operate more than one shuttle simultaneously. 0 C) Thread was shot across a wider bed and at a faster rate. O D) None of these. 17. How did chemical preservation change food? 0 A) More food was canned at home than in factories. O B) It made farmers more aware of how food was grown. O C) More food could be processed and sold than ever before. 0 D) It required the government to oversee all food production. 18. Most plastic is chemically inert meaning that it Q A) will change only when heated. Q B) is made through chemical means. O C) will not react chemically other substances. 0 D) contains both monomers and polymers. 19. Why was the cloning to produce Dolly in 1996 a source of major news? 0 A) Never before had scientists been able to transfer genes into cultured cells. 0 B) Never before had a mammal been cloned from an adult somatic cell. 0 C) The attempts to clone the lamb required so few attempts. 10/17/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses O D) The lamb was the first mammal created by nuclear transfer. 20. What is the principle behind canning as a method of food preservation? Q A) Compressing food in a small space will prevent germ growth. 0 B) Bringing food up to a high temperature will pasteurize it. Q C) None of these. 0 D) Making food more portable will mean it will be used earlier. SUBMIT TEST Last updated on 2017-07-27 19:21 :01—tech nology—college/055BF5 EA20694E0539FF202367B4ECAO. html 3/3 ...
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