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Unformatted text preview: 10/24/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses Unit 1: Energy 1. There's a pail far down a well that is used by some ingenious thirsty people to get water to the top of the well. They likely use which
of these early innovations? Q A) Incline plane
0 B) Lever
O C) Screw TIME LEFT: 44:45 O D) Pulley 2. Which of these was the simplest and most direct form of energy used during the Hunter-Gatherer period?
Q A) Food
0 B) Fire
0 C) Wind
0 D) Steam 3. Which of these was an advantage of Watt's steam engine over Newcomen's engine?
0 A) It used three quarters less fuel to operate.
0 B) It was less expensive to operate and didn't need to be placed right next to a coal mine.
0 C) All of these. 0 D) It required fewer chambers to produce cold water than cooled down the system. 4. Based on your reading, what was signiﬁcant about the waterwheel found in Greenwich Wharf?
0 A) It is believed to the largest waterwheel ever built.
0 B) Its construction disproves popular beliefs about waterwheel design.
0 C) Its construction is believed to have been ordered by the king.
0 D) It dates back to the 12th century and was preserved by peat deposits until its discovery. 5. In the video "Ancient Roman Industrial Watermills," it was said that the Romans
0 A) engaged in wars that resulted from the desire to protect the watermills.
Q B) used very basic, labor-intensive designs in their approach to watermills.
Q C) used mills to create ﬂour factories that were used to make breads that fed the Romans. 0 D) had a lack of necessary slave labor, so watermills were built by the armies. 6. How did early toohnakers use ﬁre?
0 A) To heat tools to make cutting easier
0 B) To create ash for keeping animals away
Q C) To sharpen points
0 D) All of these 7. Which of these made petroleum a necessary commodity in abundance?
Q A) Lighting
0 B) Making nylons
Q C) Medicine production
0 D) Internal combustion engines 8. Which of these is a true statement about Britain's use of steam power during the Industrial Revolution?
0 A) Trade with India ﬂourished.
O B) A wealthy middle class emerged.
Q C) Goods could stop being made by hand.
0 D) Paper became the most produced good. 9. Why was the overshot an improved version of the waterwheel?
O A) That design rarely broke or needed repairs.
Q B) That design could be used in shallow rivers.
O C) That design used more water more efﬁciently. l O D) That design caused the wheel to spin more quickly. 10/24/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses
10. Which event caused coal to become a massive global commodity?
O A) The popular use of the steam engine
0 B) The use of coal to make jewelry
0 C) None of these
0 D) Wars in England that blew up ships made of wood 11. The mid-19705 brought about an oil crisis, and thus people had a renewed or increased interest in
Q A) solar panels.
0 B) hybrid cars.
Q C) generators.
O D) windmills.
12. In Orwell's The Road to Wigan Pier, he describes a coal mine as "heat, noise, confusion, darkness, foul air, and, above all, unbearably
cramped space" and compares it to
O A) Sinclair's The Jungle.
0 B) factories.
O 0 hell.
0 D) city living.
13. Which of these is true about waterwheels then and now?
0 A) The simple design of waterwheels has been greatly improved upon over time.
Q B) The wheels of waterwheels haven't changed much over time.
Q C) Waterwheels actually haven't changed much over time. O D) The productivity and efﬁciency of waterwheels has greatly improved over time. 14. Which of these is NOT a true statement about coal?
0 A) Anthracite has the most energy potential.
0 B) Time and pressure are needed to produce coal.
0 C) Coal has a very high energy density.
0 D) Anthracite is less pure than bituminous. 15. Who were among the ﬁrst to dig oil wells using bamboo poles?
Q A) The Persians
O B) The Romans
0 C) The Chinese
0 D) The Germans 16. When propane gas is burned in order cook hot dogs on the grill in July, heat is released for cooking by energy stored in the bonds of
propane molecules. This is an example of Q A) electric energy.
O B) none of these. 0 C) chemical energy.
0 D) thermal energy. 17. What was Orwell's purpose in writing The Road to Wigan Pier?
0 A) To show the atrocities miners faced
O B) To argue for political support of socialism
Q C) To emphasize the plight of the common man
0 D) To highlight the proﬁts generated by the Industrial Revolution 18. Which of these is a problem associated with uranium mining?
O A) All of these.
0 B) Mined uranium has to be enriched.
O C) Uranium ore is radioactive. O D) Nuclear waste from uranium mining could be hazardous for thousands of years. l 19. Which of these is the main quality of a Halladay wind pump? 10/24/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses 0 A) They are made of metal.
0 B) They are lightweight.
Q C) They are inexpensive to construct.
O D) All of these.
20. In the TED Talk "The Danger of the Single Story," Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, the Nigerian speaker, makes wt
early experiences as a reader of British and American books? 0 A) The books sparked her imagination about a life bigger than the one she was living, but they perpetuated E
family values. 0 B) The books gave her the opportunity to read, but they confused her about the correct way to speak English.
0 C) The books opened up new worlds for her, but they also demonstrated that people like her didn't exist in literature. 0 D) The books had plots that were exciting, but they also presented characters who were capable to achieving unrealistic dreams. SUBMIT TEST Last updated on 2017-07-27 19:21 :01 https://www.shmoop.com/courses/history-of—technology—college/E312DD4A9B564673871 FC14BD9FF52E1 .html 3/3 ...
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