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Tech unit final b.pdf

Tech unit final b.pdf - 1 History of Technology(College...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 0/30/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses Final Exam 1. Which of these was a drawback of initial designs of the Gatling gun? O A) It could jam. 0 B) It could overheat. O c) It could explode. O D)Al| of these. . How did Jonas Salk contribute to the end of the polio epidemic? O A) By creating a vaccine based on growing tissue cultures from a monkey O B) By showing that polio could be treated in the same way as smallpox O c) By creating a vaccine that could be injected into the buttocks rather than placed inside the nostril O D) By developing penicillin . Which event caused coal to become a massive global commodity? O A) The popular use of the steam engine 0 B) The use of coal to make jewelry 0 c) None of these 0 D) Wars in England that blew up ships made of wood . In his TED Talk about the astrolabe, Tom Wujec explains how the astrolabe allowed the user to O A) learn to identify stars in the sky. 0 B) make a connection to the night sky. 0 c) make a connection to distant people. 0 D) learn to recognize differences in patterns of weather. . By the 18705, what did steamers make possible? 0 A) lmmigrating from Europe to the US. for the first time 0 B) Crossing the Atlantic for fun 0 C) Trading between Europe and Africa 0 D) Using goods to negotiate with foreign powers . Who were among the first to dig oil wells using bamboo poles? O A) The Persians O B) The Romans 0 C) The Chinese 0 D) The Germans . Fermenting was important because 0 A) it preserved foods that were othenNise challenging to preserve. O B) all of these. 0 C) it provided safe, high-calorie foods. 0 D) fermented liquids were safer to drink than the water supply. . Which of these is not one of the main functions of a plow? O A) To prevent water from collecting on the soil's surface 0 B) To kill weeds 0 c) To return nutrients on the surface deeper into the soil 0 D) To break up soil . It is believed that people began to leave their origination place of Africa as a result of O A) major warring conflicts. O B) major political changes. 0 C) major climatic shifts. O D) major economic fluctuation. TIME LEFT: 1:59:44 1 0/30/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses 10. Which of these was an effect of the proliferation of electricity in the early 20th century? 0 A) Most American homes had electricity. 0 B) Workers didn‘t need windows to work by sunlight, so dim work dungeons were acceptable. 0 c) All of these. 0 D) Workers didn't need sunlight to work, so businesses could operate 24 hours a day. 11. The Kodak "Brownie" camera was given its name based on Q A) none of these. 0 B) the creator's favorite dessert. 0 c) the case‘s square, brown appearance. 0 ma popular children's book of cartoons. 12. Why did farmers grow less grain than they could in a given season? 0 A) The demand for grain was lesser than the supply. 0 B) Rainfall was not sufficient in most areas to moisten the entire crop. O c)All of these. 0 D) Reaping was a labor-intensive process. 13. Which of these words would be the most important to use in an explanation of what coal is? O A) Carbonization O B) Fertilization O C) Evaporation O D) Ionization 14. Which of these first forms of clothing fiber was developed by the Chinese? 0 A) Wool O B) Cotton 0 C) Linen O D) Silk 15. A reduction in the amount that paper cost in the late 18005 led to O A) government restructuring. O B)a dearth of laborjobs. O c) the development of a class system. 0 D) religious reformism. 16. Which of these was a negative outcome of the Industrial Revolution? 0 A) All of these 0 B) Poorer air quality 0 C) Crowded living conditions 0 D) Child labor 17. Which of these are opposite terms that are essential to defining the forces of flying? O A) Gravity and pull 0 B) Arc and position 0 C) Lift and carry 0 D) Thrust and drag 18. The two developments that made it possible for the telegraph to be invented were the battery and O A) the use of the alphabet to structure words with syllables. O B) the connection between dots and dashes and the alphabet. O c) the connection between electricity and magnetism. O D) the concept that the voice could be transported through wire. 19. Why were toilets an important technology? 0 A) They showed that water could be pumped into people's houses without drawbacks. O B) All of these. 10/30/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses 0 C) They stopped the spread of some of the worst diseases of that time. O D) They changed the design of homes by creating the need for a separate room for toilets. 20. The mid-1970s brought about an oil crisis, and thus people had a renewed or increased interest in O A) solar panels. 0 B) hybrid cars. 0 c) generators. O D)windmills. 21. Read this statement: "By 1880, more than 50% of all the cows in the country lived out west, but only 25% of the human population lived there." What was an initial solution to this problem? 0 A) People were encouraged to move West. 0 B) Cattle was shipped by train. 0 c) The price of cattle was lowered to make beef a more attractive food choice. 0 D) People began raising cattle in other regions besides the West. 22. How did gadgets for the home change the American standard of living? 0 A) They shifted labor from being done by people to being done by machines. 0 B) None of these. 0 c) They inspired women to work outside the home instead of in the home. 0 D) They created a materialistic society in which acquisitions demonstrated wealth. 23. What is the main intent of a PDoS? O A) To initiate a botnet O B) To crash a server 0 C) To deny the user's access 0 D) To damage the user's hardware 24. Which of these arguably had the greatest impact on the pursuit of space travel? 0 A) The Soviets' proof that space travel could be safe 0 B) Innovations made in the area of navigation 0 c) The belief that life existed on other planets O D) Russian and American conflict 25. The construction of the giant stone heads on Easter Island as well as Stonehenge is believed to have been aided by O A) rollers. O B) ramps. 0 c) domesticated animals. 0 D) pulleys. 26. Which of these was not one of the innovations in the development of the thresher over time? 0 A) It became powered by steam. O B) All of these were innovations. o C) It became powered by humans using hand cranks. O D) It became powered by horses walking in circles. 27. Read this excerpt from Henry Ford's My Life and Work. "Probably the most monotonous task in the whole factory is one in which a man picks up a gear with a steel hook, shakes it in a vat of oil, then turns it into a basket. The motion never varies. The gears come to him always in exactly the same place, he gives each one the same number of shakes, and he drops it into a basket which is always in the same place. No muscular energy is required, no intelligence is required. He does little more than wave his hands gently to and fro—the steel rod is so light. Yet the man on thatjob has been doing it for eight solid years. He has saved and invested his money until now he has about forty thousand dollars f —and he stubbornly resists every attempt to force him 10/30/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses into a betterjob!“ (Source) What idea is Ford trying to defend through the example? 0 A) Jobs that involve labor can be lucrative. O B) Physical labor need not be stressful. O c) Repetitive work can be satisfying. 0 D) The auto industry involves menial work. 28. Why were nuclear weapons in the Post-Industrial era significant? 0 A) They caused the most numbers of deaths during wars. 0 B) They offered the power of mass destruction. 0 c) They could be used both on land and at sea. 0 D) They were developed based on previous innovations. 29. In the video "How and Why We Read," John Green says that the author "does not matter" because 0 A) readers often forget who wrote which books. 0 B) a book exists for the benefit of the reader. 0 c) a book exists because readers demand print. 0 D) readers decide which books to read. 30. Which of these is true about golden rice? 0 A) It is being used worldwide to a tremendous reception. 0 B) It was the only crop proven to not leech nitrogen from the soil. 0 C) It is a genetically engineered rice that supplies Vitamin A. O D) It was just one of the crops shown to retain Roundup Ready pesticides. 31. A federal Food and Drug Act passed in 1937 sought to O A) examine cross-contamination problems with dairy. O B) scrutinize chemical preservations. O c) standardize pasteurization methods. 0 D) reduce farm-to-table delivery times. 32. Which of these is a problem associated with uranium mining? O A)All of these. 0 B) Mined uranium has to be enriched. O c) Uranium ore is radioactive. O D) Nuclear waste from uranium mining could be hazardous for thousands of years. 33. Why were pork and chicken the main sources of protein rather than beef for Americans in the mid-18005? O A) Americans did not have a refrigeration system. 0 B) Americans were concerned about their physical well-being and knew that pork and chicken were healthier choices. O C) Americans preferred to eat the animals that they could raise on their own land. 0 D) Americans were worried that cattle would be eaten faster than they could reproduce and go extinct like buffalo. 34. Which of these is NOT a common misconception about the contributions to technology throughout history? 0 A) Most of our greatest inventions were developed in Europe. 0 B) The latest inventions are not built upon available technology. 0 C) Advancements across time and place are simple to explain. 0 D) Advances in technology often came from the work of white men. 35. Which of these describes an early refrigeration system developed by Gustavus Swift? O A) Putting blocks of ice in special buildings called icehouses O B) Hanging meat below blocks of ice 1 0/30/2017 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses 0 C) Packing ice in sawdust O D) Placing ice below railcars to create a sort of insulation Which of these expresses a commonality between the Suez Canal and the Panama Canal? 0 A) They were carried out using immigrant labor from South America. 0 B) They reduced the amount of sailing ships would have to do to reach their intended destinations. O c) They were used for roughly fifty years before they were no longer needed. 0 D) They were built at roughly the same time. How successful has the 1970s Nuclear Proliferation Treaty been? 0 A) It has not led to a proliferation of knowledge about the potential effect of nuclear war. 0 B) It has eradicated the desire for countries to amass nuclear bombs. O c) Nearly every country has signed on in acceptance of the international treaty. O D) It has not led to a disarmament in which countries have slowly got rid of their nuclear bombs. Wattle was a home construction process that involved 0 A) attaching animal hides to walls. 0 B) creating a sort of tent with lightweight materials. 0 C) mixing mud with straw. O D) weaving wood between posts. Why were smooth-wire fences, though an improvement on previous fencing ideas, an insufficient solution for containing cattle? O A) Cattle could lean on them and break them. 0 B) Land wasn't clearly demarcated at that time, so establishing fair land boundaries was impossible. O c) Ranchers could quickly disassemble them and steal other ranchers' cattle. O D) They took too long to construct. Which of these was essential in the ancient Egyptians' brick-making and home construction? 0 A) Mud O B) Mortar O c)All of these 0 D) The sun Which of these well-known principles is applicable to rockets? O A) For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. 0 B) The force acting on a submerged object equals the weight of the liquid displaced. O C) Velocity=H X distance 0 D) E=mc2 Which of these describes part of the Wright brothers' research that ultimately supported their first airplane construction? 0 A) An internship with the first creator ofa glider O B) The physics of a hot air balloon liftoff O C)Awind tunnel to measure drag and lift 0 D)A bicycle experiment that explored the principle of balance The "Golden Age" of radio was so named because 0 A) the first prime-time broadcast happened during that time. 0 B) people listened to the radio rather than visited theaters. O C) most American homes had radios in them. O D) people enjoyed listening to music on the radio. Which of these is an accurate statement about hygiene in the Middle Ages? OA) 10/30/2017 History of Technology (College) - Shmoop Online Courses Water was brought into homes through a series of Roman aqueducts. O B) The invention of soap made people more aware of cleanliness. O c) Latrines and toilets made people more desirous of staying clean. 0 D) The Church stated that getting naked and bathing were sins. 45. Paper-making is an information technology attributed to which era? 0 A) Post-Industrial O B) Agricultural-Craftsman O c)Hunter-Gatherer O D)|ndustrial 46. What is the most likely reason that the United States did not follow through with the plan to attach bombs to bats in order to bomb Japan? 0 A) The United States scrapped the plan to focus its attention on creating an atomic bomb. 0 B) The United States was fearful that Japan would retaliate with a similar plan. 0 c) The bats could not be successfully shipped to Japan in a reasonable amount of time. 0 D) There were not a sufficient number of bats roosting in the United States. 47. John Wesley Hyatt contributed to the development of the camera by O A) inventing the pinpoint camera. 0 B) increasing the distance at which lenses could capture images. 0 c) inventing celluloid. O D) adding lights to shots to create shadows. 48. Complete this sentence: has allowed individual insects with the highest tolerance to our poisons to survive and breed, and soon insects will outnumber the ones we can control. 0 A) Artificial selection; pesticide-resistant O B) The Green Revolution; adapted O C) Natural selection; herbicide-resistant O D) Overfarming; healthy 49. Which of these technologies was developed during the Post-Industrial age? 0 A) Eradicating smallpox O B) Cloning genes 0 C) Textile manufacturing 0 D) Chemical food preservation 50. Which of these is true about MacAdam‘s process of "macadamization"? O A) It involved using rainwater to solidify road surfaces. 0 B) It is still the basic process used today to build roads. 0 c) It is the process of building roads slightly lower than the surrounding land. 0 D) It involved the first road that was constructed without the use of gravel. SUBMIT TEST Last updated on 2017-09-27 17:22:53 https://www.shmoop.com/courses/history-of—technology—college/D1AOFBD4EA2345D99E39A1EEFCCFEA28-finals.html 6/6 ...
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