L04-Darwin-4print(6).pdf

L04-Darwin-4print(6).pdf - 2009television documentary...

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Kevin Lai CUHK, Spring 2018 2009 television documentary: 200th anniversary of Charles Darwin birthday 150th anniversary of the publication of On the Origin of Species UGFN1000W/F Text 4: Darwin Current estimates of the number of different species vary from 6 million to 100 million. There are often a multitude of variations on a single pattern Nearly 200 different kinds of monkeys, for example. And 315 hummingbirds 蜂鳥 . Nearly a thousand bats. And beetles at least 350,000 species of them.” UGFN1000W/F Text 4: Darwin UGFN1000W/F Text 4: Darwin
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How to make sense of the huge range of living things? Evolution by natural selection UGFN1000W/F Text 4: Darwin UGFN1000W/F Text 4: Darwin Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life , 1st Edition, 1859. (http://darwin online.org.uk/) Chapter IV: natural selection UGFN1000W/F Text 4: Darwin UGFN1000W/F Text 4: Darwin
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Charles Robert Darwin (12 February 1809 19 April 1882) English naturalist 博物學家 (practitioner of natural history , a person who studies animals, plants, birds and other living things) Realised and presented compelling evidence that all species of life have evolved over time from common ancestors , through the process he called natural selection Charles Robert Darwin (1809 1882), aged 45 in 1854, working towards publication of On the Origin of Species UGFN1000W/F Text 4: Darwin Born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England on 12 February 1809 at his family home, the Mount. The 5 th of 6 children of wealthy society doctor Robert Darwin, and Susannah Darwin The 8 year old Charles already had a taste for natural history and collecting in 1817. That July, his mother died. UGFN1000W/F Text 4: Darwin Painting of 7 year old Charles Darwin in 1816. In his lap he holds a pot of flowering plants. Went to the University of Edinburgh with his brother Erasmus in October 1825. He found lectures dull and surgery distressing. The neglect of medical studies annoyed his father, who shrewdly sent him to Christ's College, Cambridge, for a Bachelor of Arts degree as the first step towards becoming an Anglican parson 聖公會教區牧師 . But he preferred riding and shooting to studying. In particular, his favorite activities was beetle collecting . UGFN1000W/F Text 4: Darwin UGFN1000W/F Text 4: Darwin Darwin was such an enthusiastic beetle collector that a fellow Cambridge beetle collector, Albert Way, felt compelled to caricature him at his favourite pursuit (1832). Darwin’s beetle box
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“But no pursuit at Cambridge was followed with nearly so much eagerness or gave me so much pleasure as collecting beetles. It was the mere passion for collecting, for I did not dissect them, and rarely compared their external characters with published descriptions, but got them named anyhow. I will give a proof of my zeal: one day, on tearing off some old bark, I saw two rare beetles, and seized one in each hand; then I saw a third and new kind, which I
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