L09-Needham-4print(6).pdf

L09-Needham-4print(6).pdf - development KevinLai Chinesevs...

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Kevin Lai CUHK, Spring 2018 ( 中華科學文明史 ) What role does culture play in scientific development? Chinese vs Greek What is a scientific explanation? UGFN1000W/F Text 9: Needham UGFN1000W/F Text 9: Needham Joseph Needham, The Shorter Science and Civilisation in China Vol. 1 , Cambridge University Press, 1980. (Abridged edition by Colin A. Ronan) Chapter 10 (Para. 1 3, 13 42) UGFN1000W/F Text 9: Needham
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UGFN1000W/F Text 9: Needham Joseph Needham (9 Dec 1900 – 24 Mar 1995). 李約瑟,字丹耀,別號十宿道人, 勝冗子。 British biochemist, historian and sinologist 漢學家 known for his scientific research, and his pioneering work in rigorous study and writing on the history of Chinese science. Note: sinology is the academic study of China primarily through Chinese language, literature, and history. Joseph Needham (9 Dec 1900 – 24 Mar 1995) UGFN1000W/F Text 9: Needham Born in 9 Dec 1900 in London, England. His father was a doctor and his mother was a musical composer. He was the only child. He earned all his degrees—bachelor’s (1921), master’s (Jan 1925) and doctoral (Oct 1925)—in biochemistry at Cambridge University. After graduation, he worked at the biochemistry department at Cambridge, specialising in embryology 胚胎學 and morphogenesis 形態學 . He was married to the biochemist Dorothy Moyle 李大斐 (1896– 1987) in 1924 and both were elected as Fellows of the Royal Society (FRS) 皇家學會會士 . UGFN1000W/F Text 9: Needham In 1937, three Chinese scientists came to Cambridge for graduate study: Lu Gwei djen 鲁桂珍 Wang Ying lai 王應睞 Shen Shih Chang 沈詩章 Lu (1904–91), daughter of a Nanjingese pharmacist, taught Needham Chinese, igniting his interest in China's ancient technological and scientific past. UGFN1000W/F Text 9: Needham 鲁桂珍 王應睞 沈詩章
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1942 1946: under the Royal Society's direction, he served as the director of the Sino British Science Co operation Office 中英科學合作館館長 in Chongqing 重慶 . During this time he made many journeys through war torn China, collecting historical and scientific books, which formed the foundation of his later research. “Needham was intellectually in love with communism.” —Simon Winchester, The Man Who Loved China UGFN1000W/F Text 9: Needham Joseph Needham meeting the Chinese Premier, Zhou Enlai, 1964. Meeting Mao Zedong (Sep 1964) He devoted his energy to the history of Chinese science until his retirement in 1990. In 1948, Needham, proposed a project to the Cambridge University Press for a book on Science and Civilisation in China. The first volume was published in 1954. To date there have been 7 volumes in 27 books. The project is still continuing. The series was on the Modern Library Board's 100 Best Nonfiction books of the 20th century.
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