overview fall2017.doc

overview fall2017.doc - Fall 2017 3-5 5 30 1 35 70 One...

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中国社会 Fall 2017 考试形式: 闭卷考试 (英文及中文简繁体都有) 第一部分为小问答题,从八个里面选六个回答,每个答案以 3-5 行为宜。每题 5 分, 30 第二部分为讨论题,从三个里面选两个回答,每题答案以 1 页为宜。每题 35 分,共 70 分。 One page (A-4 size, could be two-sided) “cheat sheet” (your own notes) is allowed. You could bring that sheet to the classroom and check it during the final exam. Final Exam Venue: Our classroom Final Exam Time: 2:30-4:30pm Brief Summary 1. 根本问题: 后发性现代化 (所以多种社会问题并发;同国际社会密切相联) 2. 发展过程中的各种限制 历史、文化、国情(起点低,资源、人口和多样性等)及国际压力 3. 最主要危险:政府的合法性 随着社会发展和信息技术的进步,人民知道得更多,温饱之后也必然会要求 更多权利,国内外对中国政府的主要批评都集中在民主人权方面); 必须尽快进行政治体制改革,加强对政府的监督(限制国家资本主义或权贵 资本主义的继续扩张) 通过社会改革尽力减少社会不平等 通过行政改革加强政府的廉洁与效率 通过法制改革推进社会公平正义 通过发展公民社会进行自下而上的倡导和启蒙 4. 现阶段重点关注的人群: 基数庞大的三大弱势群体 贫困农民 农民工 城市贫民 5. 中国需要避免也有可能避免西方发达国家走过的弯路: a) 资源紧张问题 积极寻找、开发替代性能源;厉行节约;有效利用现有资源 b) 环境污染问题 环保公益组织的大发展,全民提高环保意识以及相关立法和执法的改善 环保成为对地方政府评价的重要指标之一(涉及政府的合法性) 1
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在欠发达地区 边污染,边治理 以及在发达地区产业升级 c) 人口问题
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