Chapter 3part1.pdf

Chapter 3part1.pdf - 1 Fallacies in General A fallacy is a...

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1/31/2018 1 1 Chapter 3 Informal Fallacies 2 1 Fallacies in General A fallacy is a defect in an argument that consists in something other than merely false premises. If A then B B A 3 All factories are plants. All plants are things that contain chlorophyll. Therefore, all factories are things that contain chlorophyll. All A are B All B are C All A are C 4 2. Fallacies of Relevance 5 2.1 Appeal to Force Child to playmate : "Teletubbies" is the best show on TV; and if you don't believe it, I'm going to call my big brother over here and he's going to beat you up. The fallacy of appeal to force occurs whenever an arguer poses a conclusion to another person and tells that person either implicitly or explicitly that some harm will come to him or her if he or she does not accept the conclusion. 6 2.2 Argument Against the Person This fallacy always involves two arguers. One of them advances a certain argument and the other then responds by directing his or her attention not to the first person's argument but to the first person himself.
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