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RUNNING HEAD: ABILITY VS TRAIT MODEL The Ability vs. Trait Emotional Intelligence Tests By: Mitch McGregor, Tia McKay, Tyson Medeiros, Laura Merraro, Shannon Mohamed, & Emma Moore November 23, 2014 Peter Papadogannis
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ABILITY VS TRAIT MODEL Introduction According to Psychology Today they define Emotional Intelligence (EI) as “the ability to identify and manage your own emotions and the emotions of others.”(Psychology Today, 2014) It is an aspect or characteristic that is essential in understanding ones emotional ability to monitor and be aware of their personal emotions as well as others, but to also be able to decipher different types of emotions and be able to apply those emotions to different types of behavior appropriately. Throughout history and research it has been proven that this skill has been tested in order to validate someone for different positions such as leadership performance or even job Performance. The types of models that are used to assess EI being are ‘The Mix Methods Model’ and the ‘Ability Model’. The Ability Model is used to understand and distinguish one’s ability to understand emotions. This test is broken down and assesses different components; perceiving emotions, using emotions, understanding emotions and being able to handle those emotions. These different components are assessed through the MSCEIT which is composed of emotional based problem solving questions, which gives individuals the chance of being able to calculate their sense of reasoning and even leaves room to ‘fake emotion’. It is composed of 4 branches of EI and contains 141 items. “The Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test Version 2.0 (MSCEIT) was developed to measure individual differences in these cognitive processes” (Mayer, Salovey, & Caruso, 2002). The Mix Methods Model on the other hand assess five components being; self-awareness, self-regulation, social skills, empathy and motivation; it is mainly concerned with leadership skills, aspects that are not innate talents, but rather skills that are developed and thereafter worked on to achieve high excellence. The test that is used to assess these skills are the EQ-I which consists of 133 items, and is usually used in the hiring process, leadership development, individual development or organizational development. “This component of the EQ-i: pertains to the assessment of social awareness and interpersonal relationship skills. Interpersonal abilities include awareness of others’ emotions, feelings, and
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ABILITY VS TRAIT MODEL needs, as well as the ability to establish and maintain cooperative, constructive, and mutually satisfying relationships. (EQ-i:S, 2014). Theoretical Orientation Theoretical orientation is the guiding principle in organizing a treatment and it provides information (Kolmes, 2009). The theories give different understandings into all aspects of psychology such as counselling, assessing people, test development, research, and teaching. It is the theory a psychologist bases their practice and develops their research on (Kolmes, 2009). The
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