API Clinical Cases Student Copy.docx

API Clinical Cases Student Copy.docx - Anatomy Physiology I...

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Anatomy & Physiology I Spring 2017 STUDENT NAME ____Angela McFadden___________________________________ 1. In adult humans, most cancers are carcinomas or adenocarcinomas. These include cancers of the skin, lung, colon, breast, and prostate. Which of the four basic tissue types is involved? Why do you think this is so? Answer: Epithelial tissue: it is exposed to the environment and is constantly dividing, both factors allowing more opportunity for damage and overcoming growth control mechanisms. 2. Alice and James adopted a 3-year-old child from a developing country. They noticed that her legs were bowed and there were some deformities in her cranial and pelvic bones. They brought her to a physician for a diagnosis. What was the diagnosis, and what was the treatment for the disorder? Answer: Rickets. Increase vitamin D and calcium. 3. Emily, a 64-year-old formerly obese woman who successfully lost over 100 pounds, was brought to the hospital suffering pain in her legs, and an X- ray revealed that she had a simple fracture in her right femur and a crack in her left tibia. Other tests revealed that her bones were brittle and porous. What might have happened to Emily, and what advice would she have been given by the physician? Answer: Emily has osteoporosis, a debilitating bone disease that strikes more women than men after age 45-50. The bones become weak and brittle due to osteoclast out pacing of osteoblast in the bone. Emily has been told that she needs to take supplements of Ca, Vitamin D, and do weight baring exercise . 4. Farhad begins typing his term paper on his new computer early one morning. After 8 hours of typing, he notices that his wrists are stiff and very sore. The next morning, Farhad begins to finish his paper, but soon finds his wrists hurt worse than last night. What is wrong? Answer: Farhad is suffering from tendinitis. tendonitis is inflammation of the tendon sheaths and is usually caused by over use. if he continues to use the keyboard incorrectly the tendinitis could develop into a very serious condition called carpal tunnel syndrome. 5. Probenecid inhibits the active resorption of uric acid in the kidney, which leads to increased urinary excretion of uric acid. Explain why this drug would be useful in treating gout. 1
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Answer: uric acid, a normal waste product of nucleic acid metabolism, is ordinarily  excreted in urine without any problem. however, when blood levels of uric acid  rise excessively, it may be deposited as needle-shaped urate crystal in the soft  tissue of joints. an inflammatory response follows, which leads to gout. the initial  attack typically affects one joint, often at the base of the great toe.   6. Maggie is a 28-year-old Caucasian woman who has newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis. She complains of painful, stiff hands and feet, feeling tired all the time, and reports an intermittent low-grade fever. She asks the nurse if she is going to be "crippled." How might the nurse explain the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis?
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