Archaeology in the news

Archaeology in the - Archaeology in the News Village Linked to Stonehenge Stonehenge has been surrounded by mystery for centuries People come from

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Archaeology in the News Village Linked to Stonehenge Stonehenge has been surrounded by mystery for centuries.  People come from all over  the world just to gaze at the wonder of those huge stones.  Questions such as “who built it?”  and “how did they do it?,”  are always the first thoughts on peoples’ minds.  There have been  many theories as to why Stonehenge was built but the recent discovery of an ancient village  only a few miles away from the monument supports one theory a great deal.   Construction on the monument began 5 thousand years ago and ended around 1500  B.C.  First, a Henge was built which contained a ditch, bank, and holes about one meter wide  and deep with a flat bottom.  These made up a circle that is about 86.56 meters in diameter.  After 1000 years of abandonment, people started work on it again.  They transported 82  bluestones from the Peseli Mountains in Whales all the way to Salisbury Plains in Wiltshire, a  386 kilometer journey.  These people used rollers and sledges to carry the enormous stones,  some weighing up to about 4 thousand kilograms, on land and on boats on the Avon, Frome,  and Wylye rivers.  The stones were then set up in an incomplete double circle with the  Avenue aligned with the midsummer sunrise.  Stonehenge was rearranged later in around  1500 B.C. into the shape seen today, a complete circle with a horseshoe inside.  (Stonehenge.co.uk 2006) 
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There are many theories about who built Stonehenge and why.  Stonehenge was  thought to be isolated because, until recently, no villages had been discovered.  Many people  had thought the Druids or Celtic people had built the ancient monument.  Jacquetta Hawkes  disproved this theory through research and stated, “No stage of the building of Stonehenge is  later than about 1200 B.C., and any connection with the Druids, who flourished a thousand  years later, is purely conjectural” (Hawkes 1994:33).    There are also two main theories as to  why Stonehenge was built: astrological or religious purposes.  In the eighteenth century, 
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2008 for the course ANTH 2000 taught by Professor Mazow during the Spring '07 term at East Carolina University .

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Archaeology in the - Archaeology in the News Village Linked to Stonehenge Stonehenge has been surrounded by mystery for centuries People come from

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