Ibn al-Jawzī- Virtues of Imam Ahmad copy.pdf

Ibn al-Jawzī- Virtues of Imam Ahmad copy.pdf - Library of...

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L ibrary of A rabic L iterature E ditorial B oard G eneral E ditor Philip F. Kennedy, New York University E xecutive E ditors James E. Montgomery, University of Cambridge Shawkat M. Toorawa, Cornell University E ditors Julia Bray, University of Oxford Michael Cooperson, University of California, Los Angeles Joseph E. Lowry, University of Pennsylvania Tahera Qutbuddin, University of Chicago Devin J. Stewart, Emory University M anaging E ditor Chip Rossetti V olume E ditor Tahera Qutbuddin
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٣٢٧ 327 21: His Insistence on Maintaining the Practices of the Early Muslims [Al-Rab ʿ ī :] A mad ibn anbal, the exemplar of the Sunnis, who endured the Inquisition for the sake of God, told me: “Seventy jurisprudents from di ff erent towns, all of them Successors and imams, agreed that the sunnah in force at the time of the Emissary’s death consisted of accepting God’s decrees, submitting to His command, acquiescing to His rule, obeying Him, and avoiding whatever He has forbidden; acting solely for His sake and believing that all things good and bad happen by His decree; renouncing vainglory, argument, and quarreling about religion; passing one’s hand over one’s shoes as an ablution; fi ghting alongside the caliph, be he pious or sinful; praying over Muslim dead; holding that belief consists of speech and action alike, and that it increases through obedience to God and diminishes with disobedience to Him; believing that the Qur ʾ an is the speech of God revealed to the consciousness of His Prophet (God bless and keep him) and is uncre- ated, no matter how it is recited; bearing up under the rule of whatever gov- ernment there is, just or unjust; believing that we should not take up arms against rulers, even oppressive ones; not holding anyone who professes the oneness of God to be an Ingrate, even if he commits grave sins; not discuss- ing the disputes that arose among the Prophet’s Companions; holding that the best of people a ft er the Emissary of God are Ab ū Bakr, ʿ Umar, ʿ Uthm ā n, and the Emissary’s cousin ʿ Al ī ; and asking God to show mercy to the Emis- sary’s wives, children, and in-laws (may God have mercy upon them all). Th is is the sunnah : if you follow it, you will be saved. To adopt it is a blessing and to break from it is to be lost.” Chapter 21: His Insistence on Maintaining the Practices of the Early Muslims A mad ibn anbal, God be pleased with him, strove to emulate the prac- tices of the early Muslims to the point that—as we learned from al- usayn ibn al-Mun ā d ī —he asked his wife’s permission to have a concubine in emula- tion of them. With his wife’s consent, he bought a woman for a tri fl ing price and named her Ray ḥā nah, following the example set by the Prophet, God bless and keep him.
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