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GEO POL TERM PAPER.docx - Vb*vvTerrorism is in the broadest...

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Vb +*vvTerrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror, or fear, to cz v *achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim. v There are many challenges faced by EUROPE at current times but the most critical ones right now are Terrorism and immigration. EUROPE’S TERRORISM PROBLEM Terrorism can be described as the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create any of these attributes- terror, or fear, to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim. Terrorism can be described as a threat that does not recognize borders and may affect states and peoples irrespective of what their geographical location might be. EU States and citizens are not an exception. Individuals and groups who believe that they can advance their political aims by using terror pose a serious threat to the democratic values of our societies and to the rights and freedoms of our citizens, especially by indiscriminately targeting innocent people. Acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable, and must be treated as such under all circumstances. Terrorism in Europe started in the beginning of the twentieth century and was often associated with anarchism. Terrorism within the various European Communities after the 1950’s has often been linked to various separatist movements, including United Kingdom’s Irish Republican Army, and Euskadi Ta Askatasun in Spain. Some of the other perpetrators which occurred have been linked to far-right and far-left extremism, anarchism and environmental extremism. Since 2001 US attacks, the number of attacks associated with extremist Islamist groups has been increasing, particularly in France. Some of the separatist terrorist activities like Chechen separatism also have a religious angle in Russia. The internationally co-ordination element has seen increasing attempts by governments to seek to weaken extremist ideology, and most particularly the Islamist extremism. It is significant that the majority of deaths from terrorism do not occur in the "West" part of the world. If the Al Qaeda attacks against the United States in 2001 are excluded, in the past fifteen years, only 0.5% of all deaths from terrorism have occurred in Western countries –United States, Canada and Australia and including European Nations as well. However, in the recent times there has been
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an increase in the number of high-fatality attacks. There was a decrease in the number of overall fatalities from terrorist attacks between years1990 and 2015 when compared to those between 1970 and 1990. Before 1990, on an average 150 people died each year from terrorist attacks excluding the large number of people who died in 1988 from the Pan Am 2013 bombing whereas from the year 1990, an average of a little less than 50 people died each year. However, this figure has been on rise again from 2011, with the attacks by far-right extremist Anders Breivik in Norway, and Islamist extremist attacks in France in 2015 and 2016.
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