Lecture_24_Class+Copy.pptx

Lecture_24_Class+Copy.pptx - Psychopathology Lecture 24...

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Psychopathology Lecture 24
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News, question, concerns
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Review from last lecture Parasomnias So… What is the difference between a nightmare and a bad dream? Stress Eustress vs. distress Mind body concept of illness D/os of arousal
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Theories/models re: Stress
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Stress: General Adaptation Syndrome Introduced by Hans Sleye Discovery by accident Three stages in the General Adaptation Syndrome: 1. Alarm Stage 2. Resistance Stage 3. Exhaustion Stage
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Stress: General Adaptation Syndrome 1. Alarm Stage: •. individual appraises a stimulus/event as a threat •. Prepares individual to deal w/ “stressful” encounter •. I.E. Encountering a Snake/Spider/Mouse/etc. •. Physiological responses: Increased heart rate, increased blood pressure Activated by the sympathetic nervous system
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Stress: General Adaptation Syndrome 2. Resistance Stage: •. combating/dealing with identified stressor •. similar to “fight or flight” concept •. E.G. Running away from the snake/spider or killing it
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Stress: General Adaptation Syndrome 3. Exhaustion Stage: •. When stress is resolved, the individual “cools off” •. Physiological process decrease as perceived threat is removed •. Done by the parasympathetic nervous system •. E.g. person calms down after escaping snake/spider
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Autonomic Response Specificity Has two Concepts: 1. Stimulus Specificity: •.
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