urgent.docx - 1 Running Header AMERICAN POLICING AMERICAN...

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1 Running Header: AMERICAN POLICING AMERICAN POLICING NAME INSTITUTION
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2 AMERICAN POLICING American policing Introduction The government structures in many countries are almost similar as they are borrowed from the colonizers. This leads to the understanding on why the law enforcement, which is relatively known as government, in the United States of America is similar in more than way to that of England who were the colonizers. The constitution of the United States borrows largely from that of England as it was written largely during the colonial period by the English men during the colonization of the USA in the years before 1776 when they were granted freedom (Evans, 2007). Early policing and the relation of law enforcement in the USA with that of England Initial policing in American antiquity was founded on the early English collective law scheme which trusted heavily on civilian volunteers, guard groups, and a recruitment system recognized as posse comitatus akin to the paramilitaries system, which continued up until the mid-Nineteenth epoch. Whereas nocturnal watch groups were formed in the northern colonies, clusters of white men structured into slave watches in the southern settlements. These slave perambulations were accountable for monitoring, recurring, and punishing fugitive slaves. The patrols aided in maintaining fiscal stability in the colonies to the south. The patrols are mainly seen to be the initial contemporary police establishments in the USA. In the year 1837, the city of Charleston located in South Carolina, had made a patrol
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3 AMERICAN POLICING with more than one hundred soldiers and this was by far the largest army in the northern city at that time. In the western colonies, policing was much different. Conferring to Langworthy and Travis, colonizers originating from the northern colonies came up with the marshals schemes and also police forces that were seen to be similar to those in their origin, whereas colonizers originating from the southern sphere introduced systems of sheriffs and bands.
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