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ETH305V Assign2 –15 June -44496133 Page 1ETH305V Assignment 02 Compulsory Closing Date: 15 June ASSIGNMENT TUTORIAL COMMENT SECTION A: Question 1: Theoretical background a) Describe the following concepts and give examples: i) Prejudice (3) Prejudice is a pre-held negative opinion, perception, or judgment a person holds or expresses against something or someone, without justification or analyzing facts. For example, when one meets a Muslim person, or sees someone dressed as a Muslim on a flight, one automatically perceives him/her to be a terrorist, and is suspicious or unreasonably “sure”that the Muslim person intends blowing up the plane. The negative perception was based purely on perception of the Muslim person’sreligious belief, and not by knowing the person personally etc., thus stereotyping deals with ill-informed description of people whilst prejudice is based on unjustifiable feelings towards someone. Social conflicts can be generated by racism, prejudice, and stereotyping; therefore efforts need to be made to reduce racist tendencies and prejudice in order to correct stereotyping. Ways of achieving this include more awareness education, and contact between the stereotyped and those who form stereotypes, as well as the accurate portrayal of individuals and groups in literature. ii) Stereotypes (3) Stereotyping takes place when we conjure mental categories where one deposits people, items or events into conceptually specified groups. Stereotypes are formed as a result of the overload of experiences we have, and the continuous deluge of information preset in implication that we are subjected to e.g. media. In order to keep us from being cognitively overwhelmed, ourbrain has developed the mechanism of stereotyping –