ETH305V-1.pdf - ETH305V Assign2 15 June-44496133 ETH305V 15...

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ETH305V Assign2 15 June -44496133 Page 1 ETH305V Assignment 02 Compulsory Closing Date: 15 June ASSIGNMENT TUTORIAL COMMENT SECTION A: Question 1: Theoretical background a) Describe the following concepts and give examples: i) Prejudice (3) Prejudice is a pre- held negative opinion, perception, or judgment a person holds or expresses against something or someone, without justification or analyzing facts. For example, when on e meets a Muslim person, or sees someone dressed as a Muslim on a flight, one automaticall y perceives him/her to be a terrorist, and is suspicious or unreasonably “sure” that the Muslim pe rson intends blowing up the plane. The negative perception was based purely on perception of the Muslim person’s religious belief, and not by knowing the person personally etc., thus stereotyping dea ls with ill- informed description of people whilst prejudice is based on unjustifiable feelings towards so meone. Social conflicts can be generated by racism, prejudice, and stereotyping; therefore efforts nee d to be made to reduce racist tendencies and prejudice in order to correct stereotyping. Ways o f achieving this include more awareness education, and contact between the stereotyped and those who form stereotypes, as well as the accurate portrayal of individuals and groups in literature. ii) Stereotypes (3) Stereotyping takes place when we conjure mental categories where one deposits peopl e, items or events into conceptually specified groups. Stereotypes are formed as a result of the o verload of experiences we have, and the continuous deluge of information preset in implication t hat we are subjected to e.g. media. In order to keep us from being cognitively overwhelmed, our brain has developed the mechanism of stereotyping
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