LTPD-edited-version-Final-March-2012.doc

LTPD-edited-version-Final-March-2012.doc - LONG-TERM...

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+ LONG-TERM PARTICIPANT DEVELOPMENT (LTPD)
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TABLE OF CONTENTS: INTRODUCTION TO LONG-TERM PARTICIPANT DEVELOPMENT (LTPD) .................... 5 WHY DOES SOUTH AFRICA NEED A LTPD MODEL? .................................................... 5 WHAT IS LTPD? ................................................................................................................. 5 WHY DOES TENNIS SOUTH AFRICA NEED A LTPD PLAN? ......................................... 7 HOW TO GET THERE ....................................................................................................... 9 THE 10 KEY FACTORS ...................................................................................................... 10 1. FUNdamentals – DEVELOPING PHYSICAL LITERACY ...................................... 10 2. EARLY OR LATE SPECIALISATION ..................................................................... 11 3. CHRONOLOGICAL AGE VERSUS DEVELOPMENTAL AGE .............................. 12 4. WINDOWS OF OPTIMAL TRAINABILITY ............................................................. 14 5. MENTAL, COGNITIVE AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT ................................ 14 6. PERIODISATION (Annual training, competition and recovery plan) ..................... 15 7. SYSTEM ALIGNMENT AND INTEGRATION ......................................................... 16 8. CALENDAR PLANNING FOR COMPETITION ..................................................... 16 9. SUCCESS TAKES TIME ........................................................................................ 17 10. CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT (KAIZEN) ........................................................... 17 THE 10 S’s OF TRAINING AND PERFORMANCE ........................................................... 18 1. Stamina (Endurance) ................................................................................................... 20 2. Strength ........................................................................................................................ 21 3. Speed ........................................................................................................................... 21 4. Skills for Tennis ............................................................................................................ 22 5. Suppleness .................................................................................................................. 23 6. Structure / Stature ........................................................................................................ 23 7. Psychology ................................................................................................................... 24 8. Sustenance .................................................................................................................. 25 9. Schooling ..................................................................................................................... 25 10. Socio-Cultural ............................................................................................................ 26 THE 7 LTPD STAGES IDENTIFIED IN THE LTPD MODEL .............................................. 27 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................. 27 P a g e | 2
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STAGE 1 - ACTIVE START ................................................................................................................... 30 STAGE 2 – FUNdamentals Boys 6-9 Girls 6-8/9 .................................................................................. 31 STAGE 3 - LEARN TO TRAIN Boys 9-12 Girls 8-11 ........................................................................... 37 STAGE 4 - TRAIN TO TRAIN Boys 12-16 Girls 11 – 15 .................................................................... 44 STAGE 5 – TRAIN TO COMPETE Males 16 – 22 +/- Females 15 – 21 +/- .......................................... 58 STAGE 6 - TRAIN TO WIN Males 22+/- Females 21 +/- .................................................................. 76 STAGE 7- ACTIVE FOR LIFE ................................................................................................................ 87 OTHER IMPORTANT FACTORS FOR LTPD ..................................................................... 96 1. MONITORING GROWTH ....................................................................................... 96 2. PERIODISATION (Annual training, competition and recovery plan) ................... 104 3. PLAYER RECOVERY AND REGENERATION .................................................... 107 2.1 FATIGUE .................................................................................................................................. 108 2.2 ACTIVE REST ......................................................................................................................... 114 2.3 REST ........................................................................................................................................ 115 2.4 PASSIVE REST ........................................................................................................................ 116 2.5 PHYSICAL THERAPIES ........................................................................................................... 120 2.6 SUSTENANCE ......................................................................................................................... 123 5. LTPD AND THE FEMALE PARTICIPANT ............................................................ 129 6. LTPD FOR PARTICIPANTS WITH PHYSICAL DISABILITIES ............................ 137 WHEELCHAIR TENNIS ....................................................................................................................... 137 STRATEGIC INITIATIVES – Plan to implement LTPD initiatives ................................. 142 1. THE ROLE OF CLUBS, SCHOOLS AND PRIVATE COACHES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF LTPD .................................................................................................................................................... 142 2. COACH EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT - NEEDS ............................................................... 143 3. THE ANNUAL PROGRAMME, IMPLEMENTATION AND COMPETITION GUIDELINES ............ 144 4. THE ROLE OF TSA AND THE PROVINCIALTENNIS SPORTING BODIES ................................ 145 GLOSSARY ....................................................................................................................... 147 Selected Bibliography ..................................................................................................... 153 TABLE OF FIGURES: Figure 1: Schematically illustrated LTPD chart ................................................................... 13 P a g e | 3
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Figure 2: Diagrams for females and males - “The sensitive periods in trainability are referred to the windows of accelerated adaptation to training.” .......................................... 19 Figure 3: The Six Phases of Growth ................................................................................... 24 Figure 4: Growth Measurement ......................................................................................... 103 P a g e | 4
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INTRODUCTION TO LONG-TERM PARTICIPANT DEVELOPMENT (LTPD) WHY DOES SOUTH AFRICA NEED A LTPD MODEL? The benefits of exercise to achieve long-term health are well documented, and tennis is a sport which is not only fun to play, but good exercise for one’s mind and body. It is a universal sport that can be played by both men and women from an early age of five or six right through to one’s eighties, making it truly a game for life. Across the spectrum from participation to performance level, tennis is under siege from many activities that are encroaching on its natural domain. It is imperative that tennis maps out a long-term plan to integrate all levels of tennis in South Africa, to achieve the concept of “Tennis for Life.” WHAT IS LTPD?
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