ogbumbadiughaon_MPHessay_dec2016.doc - AN EVALUATION PLAN...

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AN EVALUATION PLAN FOR THE PRINCE GEORGE’S COUNTY RABIES SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM: A UTILIZATION-BASED PROGRAM EVALUATION DESIGN by Onyinyechi Ogbumbadiugha B.S. Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, 2015 Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Graduate School of Public Health in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Public Health University of Pittsburgh 2016
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ii UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH This essay is submitted by Onyinyechi Ogbumbadiugha on December 16, 2016 and approved by Essay Advisor: Jeremy J. Martinson, DPhil ______________________________________ Assistant Professor Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Graduate School of Public Health University of Pittsburgh Essay Reader: Martha Ann Terry, PhD ______________________________________ Associate Professor Department of Behavioral and Community Health Graduate School of Public Health University of Pittsburgh
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iii Copyright © by Onyinyechi Ogbumbadiugha 2016
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ABSTRACT Within the Prince George’s County Health Department (PGHD) located in the state of Maryland is the Department of Communicable and Vector-Borne Disease Control (CVDC), which handles the County’s rabies surveillance activities. In Prince George’s County, all animal bites are required to be reported due to the risk of exposure to rabies, a viral disease that has a mortality rate of almost 100% once victims become symptomatic. According to CVDC records, in 2015 alone, there were a total of 1242 animal exposures. Not only is there a high volume of cases handled by the CVDC annually, but within the CVDC, only one staff member investigates potential rabies exposures full time. The proposed program evaluation utilizes a mixed methods approach. The quantitative method utilized will be a statistical analysis and the qualitative method will include interviews with the CVDC staff formally working with the rabies program, as well as members of the Prince George’s Police Department, Animal Management and a selected health care facility. The goal is that the implementation of this evaluation will allow the CVDC to gather information in order to evaluate the efficiency of its rabies surveillance program. Ultimately, the desired conclusion from this analysis is to be able to better understand how the program is operating and whether changes could be implemented to improve program function. iv Jeremy J. Martinson, DPhil AN EVALUATION PLAN FOR THE PRINCE GEORGE’S COUNTY RABIES SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM: A UTILIZATION-BASED PROGRAM EVALUATION DESIGN Onyinyechi Ogbumbadiugha, MPH University of Pittsburgh, 2016
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Public Health Relevance: Due to the necessity and thus permanence of programs such as the Prince George’s County’s rabies surveillance program, as long as these programs are resulting in their desired end goal, how well these programs are being implemented is never evaluated. There is no evaluation of how the resources are being allocated, whether the program is well staffed or
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