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S TATE - BUILDING – K EY C ONCEPTS A ND O PERATIONAL I MPLICATIONS IN T WO F RAGILE S TATES B Y : S UE I NGRAM A J OINT I NITIATIVE BY THE W ORLD B ANK S F RAGILE AND C ONFLICT - AFFECTED S TATES G ROUP (OPCFC) AND U NITED N ATIONS D EVELOPMENT P ROGRAMME S B UREAU FOR C RISIS P REVENTION AND R ECOVERY (BCPR)
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2010
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Table of contents 1. Introduction ............................................................................................................................ 3 2. Key concepts in the discourse on state-buildingstate-building and fragility .................... 4 2.1 State-buildingState-building as a response to fragility ............................................... 4 2.2 What do we mean by state-buildingstate-building? .................................................... 5 2.3 Building blocks for state functioning ......................................................................... 7 2.4 What makes state-buildingstate-building different in fragile states? .......................... 8 3. Using a state-buildingstate-building lens to inform practice .............................................. 9 3.1 Assessing programming approaches using a state-buildingstate-building lens: Sierra Leone and Liberia ....................................................................................................... 9 3.2 Operational considerations highlighted by the country missions ............................ 11 3.2.1 Invest in developing a broadbased understanding of the political economy and the drivers of state-buildingstate-building ...................................................................... 12 3.2.2 Consider how programming may impact on the political settlement and the political processes underpinning it, and possible downstream consequences ........................ 14 3.2.3 Consider the impact of aid modalities on state-buildingstate-building .................... 20 3.2.4 Think and work system-wide, and for the long term ................................................ 24 3.2.5 Match the development approach to the context ...................................................... 27 3.2.6 Take ethical responsibility for champions in contested environments ..................... 30 4. What can an overworked country office do? ..................................................................... 31 Boxes Box 1: Sources of Legitimacy ........................................................................................................ 9 Box 2: Constitutional revision ...................................................................................................... 14 Box 3: Electoral jockeying in Sierra Leone and Liberia .............................................................. 17 Box 4: UN Joint Vision and Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Sierra Leone ....................................... 21 Box 5: Elements of the parallel public sector in Sierra Leone ..................................................... 22 Box 6: Governance and Economic Management Assistance Program (GEMAP) ....................... 23 Box 7: The politics of exclusion ................................................................................................... 28 Box 8: Anti-Corruption Commissions .......................................................................................... 29
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STATE-BUILDING – KEY CONCEPTS AND OPERATIONAL IMPLICATIONS IN TWO FRAGILE STATES 1 1. Introduction 1. This paper aims to provide a very distilled summary of the concepts shaping the discourse around state-building in fragile, conflict-affected situations, and to explore some of the operational implications for international development practitioners working in these settings, drawing on experience from two post-conflict countries. 2. The paper arises out of a collaboration between UNDP’s Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery and the World Bank’s Fragile and Conflict-Affected Countries Group to strengthen their analytical work and guidance to country offices in the area of state building, and to extend interagency cooperation at headquarters and field level. As part of this collaboration, the two groups agreed to jointly undertake two country studies to look at specific aspects of state- building and the wider lessons this work might suggest for future engagement on state-building in other fragile settings. The selection of the case studies sought two different contexts where
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