Copy of A_TF 9_16.docx - Review from Last Class Middle...

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Review from Last Class: Middle Atlantic 4: Patterns of Settlement -Svedjebruket -Shifting Cultivation -Slash-and-burn What were they doing? -Growing the crops they were accustomed to: rye, oats, barley -Another crop grows super well here -- wheat! -Wheat is favored for many reasons 1: Soils: it would grow in anything that wasn’t solid rock 2: Fall line: You start at the Appalachian mountains, go to the piedmont next door, coastal plain is beyond that, and then the ocean. Rain goes from the mountains and runs down, and there’s a great big drop between the Piedmont and the Coastal Plain. That drop is called the fall line. -The clipboard appeared and I got distracted -Mills would pop up here 3: Estuaries: get a ship inland -- crossing the coastal plains 4: War in Europe -the 17th and 18th centuries weren’t nice times to live in Europe. War. -very hard to grow and market crops in the middle of warfare -All of this meant prosperity! 5: Other impacts: Wheat requires space, necessitating deforestation Iron production / limestone kilns (require charcoal) Demand for firewood -Wheat-based economy of the Middle Atlantic -Fences (Matlack moo’ed in class. He’s a strange man.) -Livestock just try to roam and eat all of the human food.
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