Legal Studies 261.docx - Legal Studies 261 Review for quiz...

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Legal Studies/ 261 Review for quiz 1 Act of Toleration 1689 o This act, similar to the Declaration of Toleration 1687, was passed by William of Orange to give more freedom to non- Anglicans. o It did NOT grant freedom of worship and only Anglicans could serve in Parliament. Anglican Church o The protestant church of England set up by Henry VIII. Board of Trade/lords o a regulatory agency formed by parliament in order to try to rule the colonies. They had specific oversights over the colonies. Body of Civil Law o found in 535 CE, massive compilation of Roman Law. o It had four parts: the Code, the Digest, the Institutes, and the Novellae. Canon Law o The law of the church. Charles II o The Stuart King who was brought to power after the end of the failed common wealth era of Cromwell. o He helped pass the Test Acts which blocked Catholics from holding higher offices. Cicero o Tried to Defend Rome against dictators with law. He came up with Natural Law. Common English Law o Is the kind of 'Judge Made Law' Constitutional Monarchy o After the Magna Carta was signed, A constitutional Monarchy was created by placing restrictions on the King's authorities. Corporate Autonomy o This is the idea that certain entities can aquire the same provisions as a freeman. This is seen in the magna carta when the king promises to leave the church alone. Dominion of New England o When Edmund Andros was sent to be the Governor of New England. He had the power to suspend any member of the New England Council if he found just cause. He had the power to create law, be a judge, and tax with the advice and consent of the council. Elizabeth I
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o She helped fund the early explorations of Walter Raleigh and Drake. She was also involved with persecuting those who did not conform to the Anglican Church (the Puritans) England o The land which was conquered by Germanic Tribes which was once held by the roman empire and home to the Celtics. English Bill of Rights 1689 o Bill of Rights was passed so that Parliament could be in control of powers such as taxation and other liberties. These included the right to bar arms, free speech, the right to petition the government. It also instilled popular sovereignty over divine right to rule. Signed by William of Orange.
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