The Height of the Cold War .docx - The Height of the Cold...

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2-14-17 The Height of the Cold War (1950s & 60s) In 1945 the US states tested their first atomic bomb in New Mexico and 2 days later dropped them on Japan 4 years later the Soviet Union tested atomic bombs as well in 1952 we successfully tested the first hydrogen bomb (power 400 times than that dropped on Japan) in 1953 the soviets tested their first hydrogen bombs we tried to see how to make them smaller and more compact and go greater distances by launching it o changes the nature of this technology NUCLEAR ARMS RACE countries trying to outdo each other constant competition back and forth (US and USSR0 the real fear of nuclear war affects the US culture o schools o how our governments function Dwight Eisenhower becomes president in (1952-1961) o Career military man o No prior political experience o His running mate was Richard Nixon American foreign cold war policy (containment) Truman’s notion that the US must contain the spread of communism o Not allow any other nation to fall o Justify our acts in Vietnam o Out insistence on Germany being preserved Containment is important Brinksmanship o we must be ready the moment they make their move o have to keep our planes in the sky 24/7 ready to go to battle o train our people to be ready for this Communists spies were already in the US keeping tabs o Staffers and employees of the government who were actually double agents o School teachers, businessmen, actors, etc. o Would have remained ignorant if it wasn’t for Joseph McCarthy He spent his time exposing and denouncing communists in his time o This wave of paranoia was known as the Red Scare o
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